ANSYS Tutorials

ANSYS Tutorial & ANSYS WORKBENCH Tutorials-Structural Analysis,Thermal,Truss,Beam,Stepped Bar etc.

ANSYS Tutorial-Structural Analysis, Thermal, Truss, Beam, Stepped Bar, etc.: Each and Every article furnished below has explained in a detailed manner w.r.t the ANSYS Software. The articles are placed in a Tabular column and by clicking them, they navigate throughout the article.

 

ANSYS Tutorial- Tabular Column:

1.Steady State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab in ANSYS Software

2.Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam under Point Load

3.Steps for converting Areas into Nodes in ANSYS software

4.Convert Angular Velocity units from Degrees to Radians in ANSYS

5.Convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS

6.ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps

7.Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS

8.Truss Analysis

9.Analyze the plate with a central hole

10.Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar

    — ANSYS WORKBENCH Tutorials

1.Steady-State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab in ANSYS APDL Software:-ANSYS Tutorial

Steady-State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab is to determine the amount of heat flow through the nodes and the interface temperatures or Nodal Temperatures under the application of Temperature.

Here, in this experiment, the composite slab consists of 3 materials having their thermal conductivities K1, K2 & K3. One end of the composite slab is exposed to External temperature and the other end is exposed to ambient air. The complete Numerical is placed below. Steady State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab in ANSYS APDL Software In order to analyze the Steady State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
 
The Numerical on Steady-State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab was shown below…
 
State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab-ANSYS Tutorial
 
Question: A  Composite slab consists of one layer of brick 500mm thick ad two layers of insulation. The inner layer of insulation is 100mm thick and the outer layer is 60mm thick. The thermal conductivities of the brick, inner and outer layers are 15W/mK,0.12W/mK and 0.082W/mK resp.The brick side is exposed to gases at 800°C and the outer insulation is exposed to ambient air at 30°C. The brick side and the air side heat transfer coefficient are 300W/m2k and 150W/m2k resp. Find the heat transfer through this composite slab and the interface temperature?
 
Procedure:
 
I.PREFERENCES: Thermal—> h-method—> OK.
 
II.PREPROCESSOR
 
1.Element Type:
  • Add—> link—> convection34—> apply—> ok
  • Add—> link—> 3d conduction—> apply—> ok
As only conduction and convection taking place and that’s the reason, the two links are generated.
 
2.Real Constants: Add/edit—>ok—>area=1m2
 
3.Material Properties:
 
Material 1: Material Models—>Thermal—>convection(or film coefficient)—>HF=300W/m2k
Material 2: Material—>no.2—> Conductivity—>Isotropic—>Kxx=15w/mk-OK.
Material 3: Material—>no.3—> Conductivity—>Isotropic—>Kxx=0.12W/mk-OK.
Material 4: Material—>no.4—> Conductivity—>Isotropic—>Kxx=0.082W/mk-OK.
Material 5: Material no.5—>Convection or film coeff. =150w/m2k-OK.
 
4.MODELING: Create –nodes-in active CS—>Now, create the length of the slab by providing length in the form of nodes…
Consider: 0.01m a small thickness taken for the convection element.
 
Vertices:
  • 1(0,0,0,),
  • 2(0.01,0,0)  ; here a small thickness of 0.01 m has taken for the convection element.
  • 3(0.01+0.5,0,0)=3(0.51,0,0)
  • 4(0.51+0.1,0,0)=4(0.61,0,0)
  • 5(0.61+0.06,0,0)=5(0.67,0,0)
  • 6(0.67+0.01,0,0)=6(0.68,0,0)
5.Elements: Here we need to concentrate on two features.1.Element attributes and 2.auto numbered Element 1:
  • Element attributes—>link 34(for convection)—>( Material no.1)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
  • Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 1&2 –OK.
Element 2:
  • Element attributes—>link 33(for conduction)—>( Material no.2)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
  • Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 2&3 –OK.
Element 3:
  • Element attributes—>link 33(for conduction)—>( Material no.3)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
  • Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 3&4 –OK.
Element 4:
  • Element attributes—>link 33(for conduction)—>( Material no.4)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
  • Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 4&5 –OK.
Element 5:
  • Element attributes—>link 34(for convection)—>( Material no.5)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
  • Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 5&6 –OK.
6.Define loads:
  • Apply—>Thermal—>Temperature—>on nodes—>temp=800°C—>OK.
  • Now pick the last node-6th node—>30°C—>OK.
III.SOLUTION:
  • Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Steady-State—> OK.
  • Solve—> Current LS—> OK.
IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR
  • Element table—>Define Table—>DOF solution—>Temp—>OK.
  • Element table—>Define Table—>By sequence no.-SMISC,1.—>OK.
List results:
  • Element Table Data—>(Temp&SMISC)—>ok (we will get a box)—>Pick the Values from that box.
Reaction solutions:
  • Heat flow—>heat—>OK.
Heat flow @node 1 is 478.74 and @node6 is 478.74 Therefore, heat flow=478.74W
Figure:
  • Plot controls—>style—>size and shape—>display of element(ON)-OK.
  • Plot results-Contour plot-Nodal solution-DOF solution-Nodal temp-ok.
Nodal solutions: To get Interface Temperatures from T1 to T6, go to -DOF solution-nodal temp-ok.
NodesTemperature
1 T1 
2 T2
 3 T3
4 T4
5 T5
6T6
This is the nodal temp. or the interface temp’s b/w layers of the composite slab.
2.Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam under Point Load- Vonmises Stress, DOF, Reaction forces, Nodal Solutions, etc.-ANSYS Tutorial

 

The main aim of  Static Analysis of a cantilever beam is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Beam, etc.under the application of point load. Here, I am using Keypoints and Lines to construct a rectangular cantilever beam of the given dimensions in the problem. In order to analyze the cantilever beam under the Application of point load in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.

 

Problem: Determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces and stresses of a Cantilever Beam whose B*H = 100*100, Length of the beam(L) is 200mm, Youngs Modulus(E)=2X105 and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.

Cantilever beam under point load-ANSYS Tutorial
Cantilever beam under point load-ANSYS Tutorial

Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam:

The step by step procedure to perform Static Analysis of Structural Cantilever Beam in APDL is as follows.

This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are follows.
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
  1. Element Type
  2. Real Constants
  3. Material Properties
  4. Modeling
  5. Sections
  6. Meshing
  7. Loads
III.Solution
  1. Analysis Type
  2. Solve
IV.General Post Processor.
  1. Plot Results
  2. List Results
  3. Element Table

The detailed explanation of the Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam under these four stages are as follows:

I.PREFERENCESStructural-ok.

II.PREPROCESSOR:

Element Type: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Beam–>2 node 188 –>OK.

Real Constants: There is no need to add the Real Constants for the beam element.

Material Properties: Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.

Sections: Beam–>Common sections–>Take Sub Type    –        rectangular Offset to     –        Centroid Bredth(B)=100mm and Height(H)=100mm  

Modelling:

  • Create–>Keypoints–>In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1&2 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.
KeypointsXYZ
1000
220000
  • Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2. such that the construction of beam must be completed with Lines.

Now, you need to mesh the cantilever beam so that the load applied on the beam can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software.

Meshing: Size Cntrls–>Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>Element edge length =10 mm–>OK. As you had given the “Element edge length =10 mm” which means that the total Truss system will divide into 1mm equally so that the load can be distributed uniformly on the whole structure.

Mesh–>Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.

Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:

  • Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static –>Analysis–>Ok.

Define Loadsà–>apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1st KeypointàApplyàClick on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)àOK.

Forces: CANTILEVER BEAM UNDER POINT LOAD Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Keypoints–>Select the end Keypoint(i.e.2nd) and apply the force in Vertical(Downward) direction as shown below. Fy = -10000N

III.SOLUTION

  • Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static–>OK.
  • Solve–>Current LS–>OK.

IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR

  • Plot Results–>Deformed Shape–>Deformed Shape with Un deformed Model–>OK.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>DOF Solution–>Now take all the displacement in X, Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.

Stresses:

Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress–> Now take all the stresses induced in X, Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress. CANTILEVER BEAM STRESS If the results are not available by the above procedure, then you need to click on  Plotctrls–>Style–>Size&Shape–>Display of Element(ON)–>OK. Next,Go to Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress–>Vonmises stress–>Def.shape with Un def.model–>OK.

CANTILEVER BEAM STRESS ANALYSIS
CANTILEVER BEAM STRESS ANALYSIS

The Vonmises stress induced in the cantilever beam is 11.7 N/mm2.  

List Results:

Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports.

This is the complete explanation about Static Analysis of a Cantilever Beam under Point Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


3.3 steps for converting Areas into Nodes in ANSYS software: ANSYS Tutorial

The need for converting areas into nodes in ANSYS software is to apply the loads on the nodes rather than on the areas in the structure so that the load is to be distributed uniformly throughout. To know, how to perform this on the structure, I will be explaining to you about how to convert the areas into nodes in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

Converting Areas into Nodes in ANSYS software was explained
3 steps for converting Areas into Nodes in ANSYS software

Procedure for converting areas into nodes in ANSYS:

1. You should have to import a structure into ANSYS software and convert it from wireframe to solid model.

2. In this, the imported model is a Tillage structure which has holes at the independent topmast. The holes are to be picked first as the “areas” and we should have to convert it from “areas to nodes” in ANSYS Software.

3. The holes are picked as follows in ANSYS Software:

  • Plot-Areas-ok
  • Select-Entities-Areas-By Num/Pick-From full-ok-A dialogue box opens-select the holes by means of the mouse and if you had selected the unwanted,de-select it again by right-clicking the mouse.
  • After selecting the holes, click on Ok.
  • Two holes will be visible to you and you should have to convert that area into nodes. But, before that, you should have to go through this. (Select everything below and select everything)otherwise, the entire structure will be converted to nodes.
  • Now, convert areas into nodes by clicking on

Plot-Entities-Nodes-Attached to-Areas,all-from full-OK.

  • By this step also, they are not converted into nodes.So, for that go to

Plot-Nodes-ok.

How to apply the loads on nodes was explained briefly in the video shown below.

By this, the areas are converted into nodes in ANSYS software where you can apply the loads on them so that the load can be distributed uniformly.

Therefore, this is the complete explanation of converting areas into nodes in ANSYS software.

The detailed explanation of the above 4 steps are as follows:

1.PreferencesStructural-ok.

2.Preprocessor:

  • Element Type-Add-Beam-3D finite strain -ok.
  • Material Properties-Material models-structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
  • Sections-
  • Modelling-provide the key points. 
  • Loads-apply-
  • Force-on nodes –

3.Solution:

    solve-current Ls-ok.

4.General post processor: It can be used to construct the graphs w.r.t the application of loads.

The detailed explanation of the Cantilever beam is shown below in the form of video.

 
The complete explanation of “Cantilever Beam using Nodes “is discussed in the video shown below.

This is the complete explanation of How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


8.Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System-ANSYS Tutorial

Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL: The main aim of  Static Analysis of Structural Truss System is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Truss system, etc.under the application of external forces. In order to do Truss Analysis under the Application of External forces in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.
 
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
Watch Video – YouTube:
 

Numerical for Truss Analysis:

Determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces and stresses of a Truss system whose Area = 3250mm2,Youngs Modulus(E)=2X105 and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.
 
 
Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL-ANSYS Tutorial
Truss Analysis-ANSYS Tutorial

Truss Analysis-Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Truss System:

The step by step procedure of Truss Analysis is to perform Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in APDL is as follows.
This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are follows.
I.Preferences
 
II.Preprocessor
  1. Element Type
  2. Real Constants
  3. Material Properties
  4. Modeling
  5. Sections
  6. Meshing
  7. Loads
III.Solution
  1. Analysis Type
  2. Solve
IV.General Post Processor.
  1. Plot Results
  2. List Results
  3. Element Table
 The detailed explanation of Truss Analysis under these four stages are as follows:
I.PreferencesStructural-ok.

II.Preprocessor:

The Element Type, Real constants, Properties of materials, Creating a model, meshing, application of loads etc.was given to the material in Pre-Processor.
ELEMENT TYPE: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link–>3D Finite stn 180—>OK.
 
REAL CONSTANTS: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link180–>Cross sectional Area =3250 mmOK.
 
MATERIAL PROPERTIES: Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.
 
MODELLING: Create–>Keypoints –> In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1,2,3,4,5,6 & 7 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.
KeypointsXYZ
1000
2180031180
3360000
4540031180
5720000
6900031180
71080000
Lines: Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2,2&3, etc. such that the construction of Truss must be completed with Lines.
 
MESHING: Now, you need to mesh the whole Truss system so that the load applied on the Truss can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” or “No.of Element divisions” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software. Under Meshing Option, You need to use both Size Ctrls and Mesh option for meshing.
  • Size Cntrls–>Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>No.of Element divisons=1(Only for Truss)–>OK.
As you had given the “No.of Element divisions =1” which means that the total Truss system will divide into 1mm equally so that the load can be distributed uniformly on the whole structure.
  • Mesh–>Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.
Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:
  • Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>Ok.
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1st Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)–>OK.
Now,Constrain the structure at Keypoint 7,For that
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 7th Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on UY & UZ and Don’t constrain in Ux direction(slider support).
Forces: Now Apply the forces on the Truss so as to see how much amount of stress is induced in the truss system and was as follows.
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–> On Keypoints–>Now select the Preferred Keypoint for the Application of Force.
In this Truss System,the Force is applied at 1,3,5,7 Keypoints of 280KN,210KN,280KN and 360KN respectively in the vertical direction(Downward)as shown in the below figure.So,Take the units of Force interms of Newtons i.e. (FY) = -280000N,(FY) = -210000N,(FY) = -280000N and (FY) = -360000N As every parameter was given to the Truss system,its the time to solve it.
Truss Analysis under the application of loads
Truss Analysis under the application of loads

III.SOLUTION
  • Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>OK.
  • Solve–>Current LS File–>OK–>Solution is done.
To Check the Results, go to General Post Processor, where you can get the results on Deformation of the structure.
GENERAL POST PROCESSOR:
  • Plot Results–>Deformed Shape-->Def+Undeformed Model–>Ok.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>DOF Solution–>Check the Displacement of the structure in X, Y, Z Components and Displacement Vector Sum to get the overall Displacement in all the directions.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress-->Check the stress induced in the structure at X, Y, Z Components along with Von Mises stress. As you had observed, that the truss is not at all showing the values of Stresses. Therefore we need to create the Element Table.
ELEMENT TABLE:
Finding Stress: In this Table, we need to add the Keyword and Value for the Structural Analysis of Truss to check the stress-induced and was shown below. General Post Processor–>Element Table–>Define Table–>Add–>Now,provide these Details..
  • User Label for Item   –  Stress
  • Results Data Item      – By Sequence No.
  • Keyword -LS & Value – 1
Now Close this Tab and check the results in  Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Line Element Results–>
  • Element Table Item at Node i    –   Select Stress 
  • Element Table Item at Node j    –   Select Stress
  • Items to be plotted on                –   Deformed Shape   –>OK.
Truss Analysis-Deformation
Truss Analysis-Deformation
List Results:
Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at Keypoint 1 and 7.
Truss Analysis-Results
Truss Analysis-Results
 
This is the complete explanation of Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.
——————————-
 
9. 4 Steps to Analyze the plate with a central hole -ANSYS Tutorial
Mechanical APDL is a type of software where we should have to configure with the details of a model(like Poisson’s ratio, density, Young’s Modulus, etc.) to construct a Solid or Hollow geometry. In this article, I am going to publish about how to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL. A step by step procedure is to be adopted to analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL.

Procedure to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL:

There are four steps in APDL and are follows.
1.Preferences 2.Pre processor 3.Solution 4.General Post Processor.
By following these four steps we can analyze a geometry. The detailed explanation of the above four steps is as follows.
How to Analyze the plate with central hole in ANSYS APDL
How to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL

Analyze the plate with central hole-Detailed Explanation:

1.PreferencesStructural-ok

2.Preprocessor:

  • Element Type-Add-Solid-8node183-Ok. and click on Options and enter the value of K3 as Plane stress v/s thk and say Ok.
  • Real Constants-Add-Plane183-ok-Enter the thickness value as Thk=0.01-Ok.
  • Material Properties-Material Models-Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide the values of Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s ratio-Ok.
  • Modeling-Create-Areas-Rectangle-By two corners-Enter the values of WPx and WPy as Zero and Width and Height as shown in the video which is mentioned below.
  • Click on Circle and enter the radius of it.
  • Modeling-Operate-Booleans-Subtract-Click on the rectangular section and Circular section one after the other.
  • Meshing-Mesh-Areas-Free-click on the region where you need to mesh-Ok.
  • Apply the loads where ever required and solve the problem.
3.Solution: Solve-Current LS-Ok.The problem solves here.
4.General Post Processor:
  • Plot results-Deformed shape-choose the options -Ok.
  • Contour Plot-Element Solution-Stress-Vonmises stress-ok
  • The stress developed due to the application of force is obtained from the contour plot.
    • If the stress developed in the rectangular section is more than the yield point of the material, then the design of failure type. For that, you should have to optimize the rectangular section so that it can not be of failure type. 

10.ANSYS Tutorial-Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses, Nodal Deflections, etc.

The main aim of  ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the stepped bar, etc.under the application of uniaxial load. Here, I am using Nodes and Elements to construct a stepped bar of the given dimensions in the problem. In order to analyze the stepped bar under the Application of uniaxial load in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
The Numerical on ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar was shown below…
Thermal & Structural Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses,Nodal Deflections etc. Numerical: An axial load of P=40KN is applied at 30˚C to a stepped bar as shown in the figure. Determine the Nodal deflections and stresses induced in the stepped bar when the temperature is raised to 80˚C.Given, A1= 2000mm2 ,A2=1200 mm2 ; E1=2*105    ; E2=1*105   ; α1=12*10-6 , α2=18*10-6 ;

The Procedure of ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar are as follows.
Procedure:
I.PREFERENCES: Structural & Thermal—> h-method—> OK.
II.PREPROCESSOR:
1.Element Type: Add—> Add—> Link-3dfinite stn 180—> OK.
2.Real Constants: For ANSYS 14.5 Users: Add/Edit/Delete—> Add—> Link180
  • Real Const.Set No. 1 & Area A1=2000mm2 . Apply
  • Real Const.Set No. 2 & Area A1=1200mm2
For ANSYS 18.0 Users: Go to Sections—> Link—> Add—> Section ID =1 & Area A1=2000mm2 Section ID =2 & Area A2=1200mm—> OK.
 
3.Material Properties:
 
Material 1: Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic—> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3—> OK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(α1),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α1)=12e-6—> OK.
 
Material 2: Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic —> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 1X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3àOK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(α2),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α2)=18e-6—> OK.
 
4.Modelling: Create—> Nodes—> In Active CS—> Provide the Nodes 1,2&3 with the lengths as shown above in the figure. and give their respective values in X, Y&Z Direction as shown below.
NODESXYZ
1000
2140000
3340000
Now,you need to construct these nodes by means of elements. For that, goto Elements: For 1st stepped bar:
  • Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-1;Real Const.Set No.1]
  • Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 1st & 2nd Nodes.
For 2ndstepped bar:
  • Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-2;Real Const.Set No.2]
  • Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 2nd &3rd Nodes
To get the Solid View of the Stepped bar instead of a line,go to
  • Plotctrls—> Style—> Size and Shape—> Display of Element—> ON—> OK.
  • Plot—> Elements—> OK.
Stepped Bar
Stepped Bar
5.Constrain the body:
  • Loads—> Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static —> Ok.
  • Define Loads—> apply—> Structural—> Displacement—> On Nodes—> Pick the 1st & 3rd Node—> Apply—> Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)
6.Forces: Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Nodes–>Select the 2nd Node and apply the force in horizontal(Negative X-Direction) direction as shown below. Fx = -40000N Stepped Bar upon constraints 7.Temperature:
  • Define Loads–>Settings—> Reference Temperature = 30˚C (Initial Temp)
  • Define Loads–>Settings—> Uniform Temperature = 80˚C (Raised Temp)
III.SOLUTION
  • Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static—> OK.
  • Solve—> Current LS—> OK.
IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR
  • Plot Results—> Deformed Shape—> Deformed Shape with Un-deformed Model—> OK.
  • Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> DOF Solution—> Now take all the displacement in X,Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.
Stepped Bar analyzing Stresses: Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> Stress—> Now take all the stresses induced in X, Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress.
Von Mises Stress: Take the maximum stress induced in the body i.e. Vonmises stress which should be less than the yield point of the material. Then only, the component is safe under the application of loads else the design is of a failure case. stepped bar-Vonmises stress
List Results: Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK. Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports. 

This is the complete explanation about ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar under uniaxial Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.
————————————————

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials: When you are doing any project in ANSYS APDL, it involves a lot of theory and time taking and that’s the reason, many are choosing ANSYS Workbench for a factor of easiness. Therefore, in this article, I will place the basic concepts and Methodology to run any experiment in workbench. All are placed in the Tabular column below. Just click them so that those navigates through the blog. Further concepts will be added soon.

Tabular Column: Click the links to navigate…

1.The Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in detailed

2. How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench?

3. How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench?

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials:

1.The Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in detailed:

The workbench structure plays a vital role to understand the overview of analysis in a better manner. The ANSYS Workbench is a superb tool which can analyze the material and give the approximate results depends upon the loading condition. In this article, I am going to explain about the structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner.

ANSYS Workbench is powerful simulation software which has a wide range of functionalities and the interface of the workbench is described below and is as follows.

The interface of ANSYS Workbench:

Always the interface allows a quick start. The five platforms of ANSYS Workbench makes the analysis from the initial stage(i.e providing material specifications) to the final stage(Results) in an effective manner and are as follows.

  1. Parameterization
  2. Direct access to CAD data
  3. Superb and powerful Meshing
  4. Efficiency    and
  5. Multi-Physics platform.

The list of parameters present in the above ANSYS Workbench interface is as follows.

Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench-Parameters of ANSYS Workbench interface:

1. Parameterization

  • CAD Geometry
  • Material
  • Meshing
  • Boundary conditions

2.Direct access to CAD data

  • ANSYS Workbench can support for all the major CAD systems like PTC, SOLID EDGE, CATIA, Solidworks, etc.
  • Bidirectional Associativity

3.Superb and powerful Meshing

  • ANSYS Workbench depends upon the physics-based information present in its back end with which it can analyze the problem.
  • It is intelligent and robust.
  • It is automatic.

4.Efficiency

  • Automation
  • Customization 
  • Flexibility of solving
  • Solver performance
  • Management of data

5.Multi-Physics platform.

  • Structural Mechanics
  • Heat transfer
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Electromagnetics
  • Simulation

Within ANSYS Workbench, different physical domains can be driven and are coupled to system simulation.

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials-Basics
ANSYS Workbench Tutorials-Basics
Domains of ANSYS Workbench:

1.Structural Mechanics

  • Larger Displacements
  • Implicit and Explicit mechanics
  • Contact
  • Multibody dynamics
  • Acoustics

2.Heat Transfer

  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation
  • Mass Transportation
  • Phase change etc.

3.Fluid Dynamics

  • Compressible flow
  • Incompressible flow
  • Laminar flow
  • Transient flow
  • Turbulent flow
  • Newtonian fluid
  • Non-Newtonian fluid etc.

4.Electromagnetics

  • Eddy currents
  • Quasi-static
  • Full Wave
  • Current flow etc.

5.Simulation

  • Mechanical simulation
  • Thermal simulation
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Magnetic Simulation etc.

This is the explanation about the interview or structure of ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner.


2. ANSYS Workbench Tutorials: How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench?

Firstly a model is to be prepared in any modeling package and it has to be imported into ANSYS Workbench so as to Analyze it to get desired results. In this article, I am going to explain How to analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench so as to calculate force, shear, deformation, etc. in a detailed manner.
 
How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-ANSYS Workbench Tutorials
How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench

 The step by step procedure is to be needed to know about how to analyze a model in order to calculate force, shear, deformation, etc. in ANSYS Workbench and is as follows.

Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-Procedure:

For that,

  • Go to ANSYS Workbench and click on Static Structural.
  • Then a dialogue box opens by the name of Unsaved project-workbench.
  • Static Structural was present in the analysis systems dialogue box.
  • Drag and Drop static structural bar to the Project Schematic.
  • The dialogue box contains
    • Engineering data
    • Geometry 
    • Model
    • Setup
    • Solutions
    • Results
  • You should have to go through each and every concept which is shown above so as to analyze a part.
  • For instance,I will take an example and pass with all the above concepts so as to analyze it and is as follows.

Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-Engineering data: 

  • All the materials required for analysis are presented in the Engineering data by the ANSYS Team. If you want to choose the material then you should have to go to Engineering data and fetch for the material.
  • The default material used to analyze the problem in ANSYS Workbench is structural steel.

 Geometry :

  • Click on geometry, if you had chosen the material.
  • It will open static structural-Design Modeler.
  • Now import the model from File-import external geometry-Browse-ok.
  • Right Click on import bar and say Generate.
  • That’s the geometry is imported.
Model:
  • Click on the model and it will open to Workbench Mechanical.
  • The tabs present in the Model are:
    • Model
      • Geometry(A4)
      • Co-ordinate systems
    • Mesh
    • Static Structural
    • Solutions
      • Here you can analyze your model with different mechanical properties
The detailed analysis of Analyzing a Part in ANSYS Workbench 15.0 is shown below in the form of video with Audio facility.
 

This is the complete explanation of analyzing a model in ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


3. How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench?-ANSYS Workbench Tutorials

Extrude feature is used to convert a sketch into a model and this process takes place in ANSYS Workbench which is one of the easiest software when compared to Ansys APDL. Here in this tutorial, I wanna write about how to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench. The detailed explanation with the procedure was explained below.
 
How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench
Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench

Procedure for Extrude feature:

The step by step procedure is as follows:

  • A drawing of rectangular component is to be sketched in the design software called CATIA Workbench.
  • Choose any plane {say XY-plane} for sketching.
  • Provide the dimensions and hit generate.
  • Click on Extrude feature in the toolbox and provide necessary geometry details.
  • The preview of a solid rectangular model is obtained after extrusion.
  • click on the “Generate” button to get the desired view of the component.
The complete explanation of “Extrude in ANSYS Workbench is shown below in the form of video.
This is the complete explanation of How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.
 
Read: All concepts of ANSYS APDL in the below link.
 
 
 
 

5. How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS?-ANSYS Tutorial

 If you want to analyze apart under the application of loads, then you should have to import that model into ANSYS software in the form of Parasolid format or any other format. In this article, I will be explaining to you about How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

How to convert a Wire frame model into Solid model in ANSYS
How to convert a Wire frame model into Solid model in ANSYS

Explanation of Wireframe model into a solid model:

A step by step procedure is to be adopted to understand how a model is analyzed by importing and how can we convert that wireframe model into a solid model and is as follows.

Steps for converting a wireframe model into a solid model:

1. Firstly, we should have to create a model with suitable dimensions with the help of the design provided.

2. Save that model in any format.

3. Most of the designers save their model in the form of Parasolid format which is easy to import in ANSYS.

4. Now, it’s the turn to import that model you had designed in the CAD software into ANSYS software. 5. Click on ANSYS  Icon and it opens a new dialogue box named ANSYS Multiphysics Utility Menu.

6. Click on File-Import-Parasolid-Ok.

7. Then another dialogue box opens where you need to browse for that file which you are going to import into ANSYS.

8. In the same dialogue box, you will see two side boxes side by side showing the File and Directories. Choose the proper directory and proper file and click on List Files Type button in which you should has to mention the file type i.e.it may be of Parasolid etc. depending upon the file type chosen at the time of importing.

9. Two Checkboxes are provided. Among them, one is Allow Defeaturing and the other is Allow Scaling. The two boxes are to be Unticked.

10. Select the Geometry Type of your file i.e. it might be a solid only, surfaces only, wireframes only and All entities. Click on Solids only button if your model is of solid type.

11. Click on OK. By this, the model is imported into the ANSYS software in the form of a wireframe model.

12. To analyze, the wireframe model is to be converted into a solid model which is shown below.

13. Click on Plot controls-Style-Solid Model Facets-Normal Faceting-OK.

14. By this, your model is converted from wireframe to solid model. But, in some cases, it is not so. For that, you should have to right click on the black screen and say Replot.

15. That’s it… This is the complete explanation reg.the conversion of a file from the Wireframe model into a solid model. Hope this post is useful to you.


6. How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps?-ANSYS Tutorial

ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps: ANSYS plays a vital role in the field of mechanical engineering.ANSYS is an extraordinary software for doing an analysis of a component. To do the analysis, the part is to be modeled in any of the design software and is to to be imported into ANSYS to do further analysis. A detailed explanation of How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps was discussed in this article. A suitable procedure is to be adopted for the installation of Ansys and is as follows.
 
Procedure for ANSYS Installation:
How to complete ANSYS 15.0 Installation in Just 4 Steps

The installation takes place under 4 steps and is as follows…

  • Step 1: A license has to be created.
  • Step 2: Ansys Licence Manager Setup &
  • Step 3: Installation of ANSYS Products.
  • The ANSYS 15.0 Package is used to analyze an object under the application of forces.

A detailed explanation of the 4 steps are as follows:

  1. MAGNITUDE-Open-(If there is a license in it then delete it).Then click on a1507_calc –open-y-enter-press any key.
  2. Then open license-and look whether it is hp server based-ok. (copy license in c:\)
  3. Go to setup-open-yes-install Ansys license manager-ok-I agree-next(2/3 times)-wait when Exit appears-CONTINUE(2 times)-ask for licence-continue-continue-wait-exit-exit-EXIT.
  4. Install  ANSYS Products-I agree-next(use reader an option)——-in the middle it asks to BROWSE-(say DISK 2)-OK. 
This is the complete explanation about How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

7. How to do the Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS Software?-ANSYS Tutorial

Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL: A”Cantilever beam using Nodes” is constructed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 to determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces,Stresses developed(X-Component of stress,Y- Component of stress & Z- Component of stress under{ Deformed shape with undeformed model,Deformed shape,Deformed+undeformed edge} etc. and this can be possible by the application of forces on the system. In this article, I am going to explain to you about How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL.

How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL
                                         How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL

Procedure for cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL:

To perform any operation,a suitable procedure is required. Therefore the step by step procedure of cantilever beam is shown below.

This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are as follows.

Step1:Preferences

Step2: Preprocessor

Step3:Solution

Step 4:General Post Processor.

The detailed explanation of the above 4 steps are as follows:

1.PreferencesStructural-ok.

2.Preprocessor:

  • Element Type-Add-Beam-3D finite strain -ok.
  • Material Properties-Material models-structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
  • Sections-
  • Modelling-provide the key points. 
  • Loads-apply-
  • Force-on nodes –

3.Solution:

    solve-current Ls-ok.

4.General post processor: It can be used to construct the graphs w.r.t the application of loads.

The detailed explanation of the Cantilever beam is shown below in the form of video.

 
The complete explanation of “Cantilever Beam using Nodes “is discussed in the video shown below.

This is the complete explanation of How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


8.Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System-ANSYS Tutorial

Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL: The main aim of  Static Analysis of Structural Truss System is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Truss system, etc.under the application of external forces. In order to do Truss Analysis under the Application of External forces in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.
 
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
Watch Video – YouTube:
 

Numerical for Truss Analysis:

Determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces and stresses of a Truss system whose Area = 3250mm2,Youngs Modulus(E)=2X105 and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.
 
 
Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL-ANSYS Tutorial
Truss Analysis-ANSYS Tutorial

Truss Analysis-Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Truss System:

The step by step procedure of Truss Analysis is to perform Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in APDL is as follows.
This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are follows.
I.Preferences
 
II.Preprocessor
  1. Element Type
  2. Real Constants
  3. Material Properties
  4. Modeling
  5. Sections
  6. Meshing
  7. Loads
III.Solution
  1. Analysis Type
  2. Solve
IV.General Post Processor.
  1. Plot Results
  2. List Results
  3. Element Table
 The detailed explanation of Truss Analysis under these four stages are as follows:
I.PreferencesStructural-ok.

II.Preprocessor:

The Element Type, Real constants, Properties of materials, Creating a model, meshing, application of loads etc.was given to the material in Pre-Processor.
ELEMENT TYPE: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link–>3D Finite stn 180—>OK.
 
REAL CONSTANTS: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link180–>Cross sectional Area =3250 mmOK.
 
MATERIAL PROPERTIES: Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.
 
MODELLING: Create–>Keypoints –> In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1,2,3,4,5,6 & 7 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.
KeypointsXYZ
1000
2180031180
3360000
4540031180
5720000
6900031180
71080000
Lines: Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2,2&3, etc. such that the construction of Truss must be completed with Lines.
 
MESHING: Now, you need to mesh the whole Truss system so that the load applied on the Truss can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” or “No.of Element divisions” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software. Under Meshing Option, You need to use both Size Ctrls and Mesh option for meshing.
  • Size Cntrls–>Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>No.of Element divisons=1(Only for Truss)–>OK.
As you had given the “No.of Element divisions =1” which means that the total Truss system will divide into 1mm equally so that the load can be distributed uniformly on the whole structure.
  • Mesh–>Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.
Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:
  • Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>Ok.
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1st Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)–>OK.
Now,Constrain the structure at Keypoint 7,For that
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 7th Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on UY & UZ and Don’t constrain in Ux direction(slider support).
Forces: Now Apply the forces on the Truss so as to see how much amount of stress is induced in the truss system and was as follows.
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–> On Keypoints–>Now select the Preferred Keypoint for the Application of Force.
In this Truss System,the Force is applied at 1,3,5,7 Keypoints of 280KN,210KN,280KN and 360KN respectively in the vertical direction(Downward)as shown in the below figure.So,Take the units of Force interms of Newtons i.e. (FY) = -280000N,(FY) = -210000N,(FY) = -280000N and (FY) = -360000N As every parameter was given to the Truss system,its the time to solve it.
Truss Analysis under the application of loads
Truss Analysis under the application of loads

III.SOLUTION
  • Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>OK.
  • Solve–>Current LS File–>OK–>Solution is done.
To Check the Results, go to General Post Processor, where you can get the results on Deformation of the structure.
GENERAL POST PROCESSOR:
  • Plot Results–>Deformed Shape-->Def+Undeformed Model–>Ok.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>DOF Solution–>Check the Displacement of the structure in X, Y, Z Components and Displacement Vector Sum to get the overall Displacement in all the directions.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress-->Check the stress induced in the structure at X, Y, Z Components along with Von Mises stress. As you had observed, that the truss is not at all showing the values of Stresses. Therefore we need to create the Element Table.
ELEMENT TABLE:
Finding Stress: In this Table, we need to add the Keyword and Value for the Structural Analysis of Truss to check the stress-induced and was shown below. General Post Processor–>Element Table–>Define Table–>Add–>Now,provide these Details..
  • User Label for Item   –  Stress
  • Results Data Item      – By Sequence No.
  • Keyword -LS & Value – 1
Now Close this Tab and check the results in  Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Line Element Results–>
  • Element Table Item at Node i    –   Select Stress 
  • Element Table Item at Node j    –   Select Stress
  • Items to be plotted on                –   Deformed Shape   –>OK.
Truss Analysis-Deformation
Truss Analysis-Deformation
List Results:
Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at Keypoint 1 and 7.
Truss Analysis-Results
Truss Analysis-Results
 
This is the complete explanation of Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.
——————————-
 
9. 4 Steps to Analyze the plate with a central hole -ANSYS Tutorial
Mechanical APDL is a type of software where we should have to configure with the details of a model(like Poisson’s ratio, density, Young’s Modulus, etc.) to construct a Solid or Hollow geometry. In this article, I am going to publish about how to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL. A step by step procedure is to be adopted to analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL.

Procedure to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL:

There are four steps in APDL and are follows.
1.Preferences 2.Pre processor 3.Solution 4.General Post Processor.
By following these four steps we can analyze a geometry. The detailed explanation of the above four steps is as follows.
How to Analyze the plate with central hole in ANSYS APDL
How to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL

Analyze the plate with central hole-Detailed Explanation:

1.PreferencesStructural-ok

2.Preprocessor:

  • Element Type-Add-Solid-8node183-Ok. and click on Options and enter the value of K3 as Plane stress v/s thk and say Ok.
  • Real Constants-Add-Plane183-ok-Enter the thickness value as Thk=0.01-Ok.
  • Material Properties-Material Models-Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide the values of Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s ratio-Ok.
  • Modeling-Create-Areas-Rectangle-By two corners-Enter the values of WPx and WPy as Zero and Width and Height as shown in the video which is mentioned below.
  • Click on Circle and enter the radius of it.
  • Modeling-Operate-Booleans-Subtract-Click on the rectangular section and Circular section one after the other.
  • Meshing-Mesh-Areas-Free-click on the region where you need to mesh-Ok.
  • Apply the loads where ever required and solve the problem.
3.Solution: Solve-Current LS-Ok.The problem solves here.
4.General Post Processor:
  • Plot results-Deformed shape-choose the options -Ok.
  • Contour Plot-Element Solution-Stress-Vonmises stress-ok
  • The stress developed due to the application of force is obtained from the contour plot.
    • If the stress developed in the rectangular section is more than the yield point of the material, then the design of failure type. For that, you should have to optimize the rectangular section so that it can not be of failure type. 

10.ANSYS Tutorial-Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses, Nodal Deflections, etc.

The main aim of  ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the stepped bar, etc.under the application of uniaxial load. Here, I am using Nodes and Elements to construct a stepped bar of the given dimensions in the problem. In order to analyze the stepped bar under the Application of uniaxial load in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
The Numerical on ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar was shown below…
Thermal & Structural Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses,Nodal Deflections etc. Numerical: An axial load of P=40KN is applied at 30˚C to a stepped bar as shown in the figure. Determine the Nodal deflections and stresses induced in the stepped bar when the temperature is raised to 80˚C.Given, A1= 2000mm2 ,A2=1200 mm2 ; E1=2*105    ; E2=1*105   ; α1=12*10-6 , α2=18*10-6 ;

The Procedure of ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar are as follows.
Procedure:
I.PREFERENCES: Structural & Thermal—> h-method—> OK.
II.PREPROCESSOR:
1.Element Type: Add—> Add—> Link-3dfinite stn 180—> OK.
2.Real Constants: For ANSYS 14.5 Users: Add/Edit/Delete—> Add—> Link180
  • Real Const.Set No. 1 & Area A1=2000mm2 . Apply
  • Real Const.Set No. 2 & Area A1=1200mm2
For ANSYS 18.0 Users: Go to Sections—> Link—> Add—> Section ID =1 & Area A1=2000mm2 Section ID =2 & Area A2=1200mm—> OK.
 
3.Material Properties:
 
Material 1: Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic—> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3—> OK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(α1),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α1)=12e-6—> OK.
 
Material 2: Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic —> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 1X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3àOK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(α2),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α2)=18e-6—> OK.
 
4.Modelling: Create—> Nodes—> In Active CS—> Provide the Nodes 1,2&3 with the lengths as shown above in the figure. and give their respective values in X, Y&Z Direction as shown below.
NODESXYZ
1000
2140000
3340000
Now,you need to construct these nodes by means of elements. For that, goto Elements: For 1st stepped bar:
  • Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-1;Real Const.Set No.1]
  • Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 1st & 2nd Nodes.
For 2ndstepped bar:
  • Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-2;Real Const.Set No.2]
  • Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 2nd &3rd Nodes
To get the Solid View of the Stepped bar instead of a line,go to
  • Plotctrls—> Style—> Size and Shape—> Display of Element—> ON—> OK.
  • Plot—> Elements—> OK.
Stepped Bar
Stepped Bar
5.Constrain the body:
  • Loads—> Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static —> Ok.
  • Define Loads—> apply—> Structural—> Displacement—> On Nodes—> Pick the 1st & 3rd Node—> Apply—> Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)
6.Forces: Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Nodes–>Select the 2nd Node and apply the force in horizontal(Negative X-Direction) direction as shown below. Fx = -40000N Stepped Bar upon constraints 7.Temperature:
  • Define Loads–>Settings—> Reference Temperature = 30˚C (Initial Temp)
  • Define Loads–>Settings—> Uniform Temperature = 80˚C (Raised Temp)
III.SOLUTION
  • Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static—> OK.
  • Solve—> Current LS—> OK.
IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR
  • Plot Results—> Deformed Shape—> Deformed Shape with Un-deformed Model—> OK.
  • Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> DOF Solution—> Now take all the displacement in X,Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.
Stepped Bar analyzing Stresses: Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> Stress—> Now take all the stresses induced in X, Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress.
Von Mises Stress: Take the maximum stress induced in the body i.e. Vonmises stress which should be less than the yield point of the material. Then only, the component is safe under the application of loads else the design is of a failure case. stepped bar-Vonmises stress
List Results: Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK. Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports. 

This is the complete explanation about ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar under uniaxial Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.
————————————————

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials: When you are doing any project in ANSYS APDL, it involves a lot of theory and time taking and that’s the reason, many are choosing ANSYS Workbench for a factor of easiness. Therefore, in this article, I will place the basic concepts and Methodology to run any experiment in workbench. All are placed in the Tabular column below. Just click them so that those navigates through the blog. Further concepts will be added soon.

Tabular Column: Click the links to navigate…

1.The Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in detailed

2. How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench?

3. How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench?

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials:

1.The Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in detailed:

The workbench structure plays a vital role to understand the overview of analysis in a better manner. The ANSYS Workbench is a superb tool which can analyze the material and give the approximate results depends upon the loading condition. In this article, I am going to explain about the structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner.

ANSYS Workbench is powerful simulation software which has a wide range of functionalities and the interface of the workbench is described below and is as follows.

The interface of ANSYS Workbench:

Always the interface allows a quick start. The five platforms of ANSYS Workbench makes the analysis from the initial stage(i.e providing material specifications) to the final stage(Results) in an effective manner and are as follows.

  1. Parameterization
  2. Direct access to CAD data
  3. Superb and powerful Meshing
  4. Efficiency    and
  5. Multi-Physics platform.

The list of parameters present in the above ANSYS Workbench interface is as follows.

Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench-Parameters of ANSYS Workbench interface:

1. Parameterization

  • CAD Geometry
  • Material
  • Meshing
  • Boundary conditions

2.Direct access to CAD data

  • ANSYS Workbench can support for all the major CAD systems like PTC, SOLID EDGE, CATIA, Solidworks, etc.
  • Bidirectional Associativity

3.Superb and powerful Meshing

  • ANSYS Workbench depends upon the physics-based information present in its back end with which it can analyze the problem.
  • It is intelligent and robust.
  • It is automatic.

4.Efficiency

  • Automation
  • Customization 
  • Flexibility of solving
  • Solver performance
  • Management of data

5.Multi-Physics platform.

  • Structural Mechanics
  • Heat transfer
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Electromagnetics
  • Simulation

Within ANSYS Workbench, different physical domains can be driven and are coupled to system simulation.

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials-Basics
ANSYS Workbench Tutorials-Basics
Domains of ANSYS Workbench:

1.Structural Mechanics

  • Larger Displacements
  • Implicit and Explicit mechanics
  • Contact
  • Multibody dynamics
  • Acoustics

2.Heat Transfer

  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation
  • Mass Transportation
  • Phase change etc.

3.Fluid Dynamics

  • Compressible flow
  • Incompressible flow
  • Laminar flow
  • Transient flow
  • Turbulent flow
  • Newtonian fluid
  • Non-Newtonian fluid etc.

4.Electromagnetics

  • Eddy currents
  • Quasi-static
  • Full Wave
  • Current flow etc.

5.Simulation

  • Mechanical simulation
  • Thermal simulation
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Magnetic Simulation etc.

This is the explanation about the interview or structure of ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner.


2. ANSYS Workbench Tutorials: How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench?

Firstly a model is to be prepared in any modeling package and it has to be imported into ANSYS Workbench so as to Analyze it to get desired results. In this article, I am going to explain How to analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench so as to calculate force, shear, deformation, etc. in a detailed manner.
 
How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-ANSYS Workbench Tutorials
How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench

 The step by step procedure is to be needed to know about how to analyze a model in order to calculate force, shear, deformation, etc. in ANSYS Workbench and is as follows.

Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-Procedure:

For that,

  • Go to ANSYS Workbench and click on Static Structural.
  • Then a dialogue box opens by the name of Unsaved project-workbench.
  • Static Structural was present in the analysis systems dialogue box.
  • Drag and Drop static structural bar to the Project Schematic.
  • The dialogue box contains
    • Engineering data
    • Geometry 
    • Model
    • Setup
    • Solutions
    • Results
  • You should have to go through each and every concept which is shown above so as to analyze a part.
  • For instance,I will take an example and pass with all the above concepts so as to analyze it and is as follows.

Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-Engineering data: 

  • All the materials required for analysis are presented in the Engineering data by the ANSYS Team. If you want to choose the material then you should have to go to Engineering data and fetch for the material.
  • The default material used to analyze the problem in ANSYS Workbench is structural steel.

 Geometry :

  • Click on geometry, if you had chosen the material.
  • It will open static structural-Design Modeler.
  • Now import the model from File-import external geometry-Browse-ok.
  • Right Click on import bar and say Generate.
  • That’s the geometry is imported.
Model:
  • Click on the model and it will open to Workbench Mechanical.
  • The tabs present in the Model are:
    • Model
      • Geometry(A4)
      • Co-ordinate systems
    • Mesh
    • Static Structural
    • Solutions
      • Here you can analyze your model with different mechanical properties
The detailed analysis of Analyzing a Part in ANSYS Workbench 15.0 is shown below in the form of video with Audio facility.
 

This is the complete explanation of analyzing a model in ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


3. How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench?-ANSYS Workbench Tutorials

Extrude feature is used to convert a sketch into a model and this process takes place in ANSYS Workbench which is one of the easiest software when compared to Ansys APDL. Here in this tutorial, I wanna write about how to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench. The detailed explanation with the procedure was explained below.
 
How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench
Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench

Procedure for Extrude feature:

The step by step procedure is as follows:

  • A drawing of rectangular component is to be sketched in the design software called CATIA Workbench.
  • Choose any plane {say XY-plane} for sketching.
  • Provide the dimensions and hit generate.
  • Click on Extrude feature in the toolbox and provide necessary geometry details.
  • The preview of a solid rectangular model is obtained after extrusion.
  • click on the “Generate” button to get the desired view of the component.
The complete explanation of “Extrude in ANSYS Workbench is shown below in the form of video.
This is the complete explanation of How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.
 
Read: All concepts of ANSYS APDL in the below link.
 
 
 
 

If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


4.Convert Angular Velocity units from Degrees to Radians in ANSYS software-ANSYS Tutorial

If you want to analyze a model under the mode of rotation and by the application of external forces then the first thing you need to focus on is the conversion of Angular velocity units. Therefore, in this article, I will be explaining about the conversion of Angular velocity units from degrees to radians in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

How to convert Angular Velocity units from Degrees to Radians in ANSYS software

Conversion of Angular Velocity Units:

A step by step procedure is to be adopted to understand the conversion of Angular Velocity units from Radians to Degrees and is as follows.

Steps for the conversion of Angular Velocity Units:

1. The conversion for the units of angular velocity is done first before the analysis else we can get errors in the results of the analysis part.

2. For that, the model is to be imported into ANSYS software by the following sequence which is shown below.

3. Open the ANSYS Interface and click on File-Import-Parasolid-Select the required model-OK.

4. Then the wireframe of that particular model appears on the screen. Convert that wireframe model into a solid model with the following sequence.

                               * Plotctrls-Style-Solid model facets-Normal faceting-ok.

                                *Right click and say Replot.

5. By this, the wireframe model is converted into a solid model for further analysis.

6. The structure in the below video consists of a blade flange assembly which can rotate around its own axis with the rated power of the motor and for that assembly, we should have to provide the angular velocity.

7. The angular velocity is represented by the formula as 

                                                w=(2*3.14*N)/60

                                                 =rad/sec.

8. Here, in the above formula, we are getting the angular velocity units as “rad/sec” in a theoretical manner. But, as the software is concerned, we should have to provide the units manually.

9. The sequence for providing the units in ANSYS software was as follows.

          Parameters-Angular Velocity-Pick the desired Unit for angular velocity-OK.

10. Select the “Radians” from the drop-down for further analysis because of the theoretical representation. This is the step by step procedure for converting of Angular velocity units in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.


5. How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS?-ANSYS Tutorial

 If you want to analyze apart under the application of loads, then you should have to import that model into ANSYS software in the form of Parasolid format or any other format. In this article, I will be explaining to you about How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

How to convert a Wire frame model into Solid model in ANSYS
How to convert a Wire frame model into Solid model in ANSYS

Explanation of Wireframe model into a solid model:

A step by step procedure is to be adopted to understand how a model is analyzed by importing and how can we convert that wireframe model into a solid model and is as follows.

Steps for converting a wireframe model into a solid model:

1. Firstly, we should have to create a model with suitable dimensions with the help of the design provided.

2. Save that model in any format.

3. Most of the designers save their model in the form of Parasolid format which is easy to import in ANSYS.

4. Now, it’s the turn to import that model you had designed in the CAD software into ANSYS software. 5. Click on ANSYS  Icon and it opens a new dialogue box named ANSYS Multiphysics Utility Menu.

6. Click on File-Import-Parasolid-Ok.

7. Then another dialogue box opens where you need to browse for that file which you are going to import into ANSYS.

8. In the same dialogue box, you will see two side boxes side by side showing the File and Directories. Choose the proper directory and proper file and click on List Files Type button in which you should has to mention the file type i.e.it may be of Parasolid etc. depending upon the file type chosen at the time of importing.

9. Two Checkboxes are provided. Among them, one is Allow Defeaturing and the other is Allow Scaling. The two boxes are to be Unticked.

10. Select the Geometry Type of your file i.e. it might be a solid only, surfaces only, wireframes only and All entities. Click on Solids only button if your model is of solid type.

11. Click on OK. By this, the model is imported into the ANSYS software in the form of a wireframe model.

12. To analyze, the wireframe model is to be converted into a solid model which is shown below.

13. Click on Plot controls-Style-Solid Model Facets-Normal Faceting-OK.

14. By this, your model is converted from wireframe to solid model. But, in some cases, it is not so. For that, you should have to right click on the black screen and say Replot.

15. That’s it… This is the complete explanation reg.the conversion of a file from the Wireframe model into a solid model. Hope this post is useful to you.


6. How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps?-ANSYS Tutorial

ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps: ANSYS plays a vital role in the field of mechanical engineering.ANSYS is an extraordinary software for doing an analysis of a component. To do the analysis, the part is to be modeled in any of the design software and is to to be imported into ANSYS to do further analysis. A detailed explanation of How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps was discussed in this article. A suitable procedure is to be adopted for the installation of Ansys and is as follows.
 
Procedure for ANSYS Installation:
How to complete ANSYS 15.0 Installation in Just 4 Steps

The installation takes place under 4 steps and is as follows…

  • Step 1: A license has to be created.
  • Step 2: Ansys Licence Manager Setup &
  • Step 3: Installation of ANSYS Products.
  • The ANSYS 15.0 Package is used to analyze an object under the application of forces.

A detailed explanation of the 4 steps are as follows:

  1. MAGNITUDE-Open-(If there is a license in it then delete it).Then click on a1507_calc –open-y-enter-press any key.
  2. Then open license-and look whether it is hp server based-ok. (copy license in c:\)
  3. Go to setup-open-yes-install Ansys license manager-ok-I agree-next(2/3 times)-wait when Exit appears-CONTINUE(2 times)-ask for licence-continue-continue-wait-exit-exit-EXIT.
  4. Install  ANSYS Products-I agree-next(use reader an option)——-in the middle it asks to BROWSE-(say DISK 2)-OK. 
This is the complete explanation about How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

7. How to do the Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS Software?-ANSYS Tutorial

Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL: A”Cantilever beam using Nodes” is constructed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 to determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces,Stresses developed(X-Component of stress,Y- Component of stress & Z- Component of stress under{ Deformed shape with undeformed model,Deformed shape,Deformed+undeformed edge} etc. and this can be possible by the application of forces on the system. In this article, I am going to explain to you about How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL.

How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL
                                         How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL

Procedure for cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL:

To perform any operation,a suitable procedure is required. Therefore the step by step procedure of cantilever beam is shown below.

This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are as follows.

Step1:Preferences

Step2: Preprocessor

Step3:Solution

Step 4:General Post Processor.

The detailed explanation of the above 4 steps are as follows:

1.PreferencesStructural-ok.

2.Preprocessor:

  • Element Type-Add-Beam-3D finite strain -ok.
  • Material Properties-Material models-structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
  • Sections-
  • Modelling-provide the key points. 
  • Loads-apply-
  • Force-on nodes –

3.Solution:

    solve-current Ls-ok.

4.General post processor: It can be used to construct the graphs w.r.t the application of loads.

The detailed explanation of the Cantilever beam is shown below in the form of video.

 
The complete explanation of “Cantilever Beam using Nodes “is discussed in the video shown below.

This is the complete explanation of How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


8.Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System-ANSYS Tutorial

Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL: The main aim of  Static Analysis of Structural Truss System is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Truss system, etc.under the application of external forces. In order to do Truss Analysis under the Application of External forces in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.
 
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
Watch Video – YouTube:
 

Numerical for Truss Analysis:

Determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces and stresses of a Truss system whose Area = 3250mm2,Youngs Modulus(E)=2X105 and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.
 
 
Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL-ANSYS Tutorial
Truss Analysis-ANSYS Tutorial

Truss Analysis-Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Truss System:

The step by step procedure of Truss Analysis is to perform Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in APDL is as follows.
This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are follows.
I.Preferences
 
II.Preprocessor
  1. Element Type
  2. Real Constants
  3. Material Properties
  4. Modeling
  5. Sections
  6. Meshing
  7. Loads
III.Solution
  1. Analysis Type
  2. Solve
IV.General Post Processor.
  1. Plot Results
  2. List Results
  3. Element Table
 The detailed explanation of Truss Analysis under these four stages are as follows:
I.PreferencesStructural-ok.

II.Preprocessor:

The Element Type, Real constants, Properties of materials, Creating a model, meshing, application of loads etc.was given to the material in Pre-Processor.
ELEMENT TYPE: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link–>3D Finite stn 180—>OK.
 
REAL CONSTANTS: Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link180–>Cross sectional Area =3250 mmOK.
 
MATERIAL PROPERTIES: Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.
 
MODELLING: Create–>Keypoints –> In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1,2,3,4,5,6 & 7 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.
KeypointsXYZ
1000
2180031180
3360000
4540031180
5720000
6900031180
71080000
Lines: Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2,2&3, etc. such that the construction of Truss must be completed with Lines.
 
MESHING: Now, you need to mesh the whole Truss system so that the load applied on the Truss can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” or “No.of Element divisions” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software. Under Meshing Option, You need to use both Size Ctrls and Mesh option for meshing.
  • Size Cntrls–>Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>No.of Element divisons=1(Only for Truss)–>OK.
As you had given the “No.of Element divisions =1” which means that the total Truss system will divide into 1mm equally so that the load can be distributed uniformly on the whole structure.
  • Mesh–>Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.
Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:
  • Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>Ok.
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1st Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)–>OK.
Now,Constrain the structure at Keypoint 7,For that
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 7th Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on UY & UZ and Don’t constrain in Ux direction(slider support).
Forces: Now Apply the forces on the Truss so as to see how much amount of stress is induced in the truss system and was as follows.
  • Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–> On Keypoints–>Now select the Preferred Keypoint for the Application of Force.
In this Truss System,the Force is applied at 1,3,5,7 Keypoints of 280KN,210KN,280KN and 360KN respectively in the vertical direction(Downward)as shown in the below figure.So,Take the units of Force interms of Newtons i.e. (FY) = -280000N,(FY) = -210000N,(FY) = -280000N and (FY) = -360000N As every parameter was given to the Truss system,its the time to solve it.
Truss Analysis under the application of loads
Truss Analysis under the application of loads

III.SOLUTION
  • Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>OK.
  • Solve–>Current LS File–>OK–>Solution is done.
To Check the Results, go to General Post Processor, where you can get the results on Deformation of the structure.
GENERAL POST PROCESSOR:
  • Plot Results–>Deformed Shape-->Def+Undeformed Model–>Ok.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>DOF Solution–>Check the Displacement of the structure in X, Y, Z Components and Displacement Vector Sum to get the overall Displacement in all the directions.
  • Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress-->Check the stress induced in the structure at X, Y, Z Components along with Von Mises stress. As you had observed, that the truss is not at all showing the values of Stresses. Therefore we need to create the Element Table.
ELEMENT TABLE:
Finding Stress: In this Table, we need to add the Keyword and Value for the Structural Analysis of Truss to check the stress-induced and was shown below. General Post Processor–>Element Table–>Define Table–>Add–>Now,provide these Details..
  • User Label for Item   –  Stress
  • Results Data Item      – By Sequence No.
  • Keyword -LS & Value – 1
Now Close this Tab and check the results in  Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Line Element Results–>
  • Element Table Item at Node i    –   Select Stress 
  • Element Table Item at Node j    –   Select Stress
  • Items to be plotted on                –   Deformed Shape   –>OK.
Truss Analysis-Deformation
Truss Analysis-Deformation
List Results:
Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at Keypoint 1 and 7.
Truss Analysis-Results
Truss Analysis-Results
 
This is the complete explanation of Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.
——————————-
 
9. 4 Steps to Analyze the plate with a central hole -ANSYS Tutorial
Mechanical APDL is a type of software where we should have to configure with the details of a model(like Poisson’s ratio, density, Young’s Modulus, etc.) to construct a Solid or Hollow geometry. In this article, I am going to publish about how to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL. A step by step procedure is to be adopted to analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL.

Procedure to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL:

There are four steps in APDL and are follows.
1.Preferences 2.Pre processor 3.Solution 4.General Post Processor.
By following these four steps we can analyze a geometry. The detailed explanation of the above four steps is as follows.
How to Analyze the plate with central hole in ANSYS APDL
How to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL

Analyze the plate with central hole-Detailed Explanation:

1.PreferencesStructural-ok

2.Preprocessor:

  • Element Type-Add-Solid-8node183-Ok. and click on Options and enter the value of K3 as Plane stress v/s thk and say Ok.
  • Real Constants-Add-Plane183-ok-Enter the thickness value as Thk=0.01-Ok.
  • Material Properties-Material Models-Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide the values of Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s ratio-Ok.
  • Modeling-Create-Areas-Rectangle-By two corners-Enter the values of WPx and WPy as Zero and Width and Height as shown in the video which is mentioned below.
  • Click on Circle and enter the radius of it.
  • Modeling-Operate-Booleans-Subtract-Click on the rectangular section and Circular section one after the other.
  • Meshing-Mesh-Areas-Free-click on the region where you need to mesh-Ok.
  • Apply the loads where ever required and solve the problem.
3.Solution: Solve-Current LS-Ok.The problem solves here.
4.General Post Processor:
  • Plot results-Deformed shape-choose the options -Ok.
  • Contour Plot-Element Solution-Stress-Vonmises stress-ok
  • The stress developed due to the application of force is obtained from the contour plot.
    • If the stress developed in the rectangular section is more than the yield point of the material, then the design of failure type. For that, you should have to optimize the rectangular section so that it can not be of failure type. 

10.ANSYS Tutorial-Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses, Nodal Deflections, etc.

The main aim of  ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the stepped bar, etc.under the application of uniaxial load. Here, I am using Nodes and Elements to construct a stepped bar of the given dimensions in the problem. In order to analyze the stepped bar under the Application of uniaxial load in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.
I.Preferences
II.Preprocessor
III.Solution
IV.General Post Processor.
The Numerical on ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar was shown below…
Thermal & Structural Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses,Nodal Deflections etc. Numerical: An axial load of P=40KN is applied at 30˚C to a stepped bar as shown in the figure. Determine the Nodal deflections and stresses induced in the stepped bar when the temperature is raised to 80˚C.Given, A1= 2000mm2 ,A2=1200 mm2 ; E1=2*105    ; E2=1*105   ; α1=12*10-6 , α2=18*10-6 ;

The Procedure of ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar are as follows.
Procedure:
I.PREFERENCES: Structural & Thermal—> h-method—> OK.
II.PREPROCESSOR:
1.Element Type: Add—> Add—> Link-3dfinite stn 180—> OK.
2.Real Constants: For ANSYS 14.5 Users: Add/Edit/Delete—> Add—> Link180
  • Real Const.Set No. 1 & Area A1=2000mm2 . Apply
  • Real Const.Set No. 2 & Area A1=1200mm2
For ANSYS 18.0 Users: Go to Sections—> Link—> Add—> Section ID =1 & Area A1=2000mm2 Section ID =2 & Area A2=1200mm—> OK.
 
3.Material Properties:
 
Material 1: Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic—> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3—> OK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(α1),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α1)=12e-6—> OK.
 
Material 2: Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic —> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 1X105) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3àOK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(α2),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α2)=18e-6—> OK.
 
4.Modelling: Create—> Nodes—> In Active CS—> Provide the Nodes 1,2&3 with the lengths as shown above in the figure. and give their respective values in X, Y&Z Direction as shown below.
NODESXYZ
1000
2140000
3340000
Now,you need to construct these nodes by means of elements. For that, goto Elements: For 1st stepped bar:
  • Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-1;Real Const.Set No.1]
  • Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 1st & 2nd Nodes.
For 2ndstepped bar:
  • Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-2;Real Const.Set No.2]
  • Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 2nd &3rd Nodes
To get the Solid View of the Stepped bar instead of a line,go to
  • Plotctrls—> Style—> Size and Shape—> Display of Element—> ON—> OK.
  • Plot—> Elements—> OK.
Stepped Bar
Stepped Bar
5.Constrain the body:
  • Loads—> Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static —> Ok.
  • Define Loads—> apply—> Structural—> Displacement—> On Nodes—> Pick the 1st & 3rd Node—> Apply—> Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)
6.Forces: Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Nodes–>Select the 2nd Node and apply the force in horizontal(Negative X-Direction) direction as shown below. Fx = -40000N Stepped Bar upon constraints 7.Temperature:
  • Define Loads–>Settings—> Reference Temperature = 30˚C (Initial Temp)
  • Define Loads–>Settings—> Uniform Temperature = 80˚C (Raised Temp)
III.SOLUTION
  • Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static—> OK.
  • Solve—> Current LS—> OK.
IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR
  • Plot Results—> Deformed Shape—> Deformed Shape with Un-deformed Model—> OK.
  • Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> DOF Solution—> Now take all the displacement in X,Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.
Stepped Bar analyzing Stresses: Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> Stress—> Now take all the stresses induced in X, Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress.
Von Mises Stress: Take the maximum stress induced in the body i.e. Vonmises stress which should be less than the yield point of the material. Then only, the component is safe under the application of loads else the design is of a failure case. stepped bar-Vonmises stress
List Results: Reaction Forces: General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK. Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports. 

This is the complete explanation about ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar under uniaxial Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.
————————————————

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials: When you are doing any project in ANSYS APDL, it involves a lot of theory and time taking and that’s the reason, many are choosing ANSYS Workbench for a factor of easiness. Therefore, in this article, I will place the basic concepts and Methodology to run any experiment in workbench. All are placed in the Tabular column below. Just click them so that those navigates through the blog. Further concepts will be added soon.

Tabular Column: Click the links to navigate…

1.The Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in detailed

2. How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench?

3. How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench?

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials:

1.The Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in detailed:

The workbench structure plays a vital role to understand the overview of analysis in a better manner. The ANSYS Workbench is a superb tool which can analyze the material and give the approximate results depends upon the loading condition. In this article, I am going to explain about the structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner.

ANSYS Workbench is powerful simulation software which has a wide range of functionalities and the interface of the workbench is described below and is as follows.

The interface of ANSYS Workbench:

Always the interface allows a quick start. The five platforms of ANSYS Workbench makes the analysis from the initial stage(i.e providing material specifications) to the final stage(Results) in an effective manner and are as follows.

  1. Parameterization
  2. Direct access to CAD data
  3. Superb and powerful Meshing
  4. Efficiency    and
  5. Multi-Physics platform.

The list of parameters present in the above ANSYS Workbench interface is as follows.

Structure or overview of ANSYS Workbench-Parameters of ANSYS Workbench interface:

1. Parameterization

  • CAD Geometry
  • Material
  • Meshing
  • Boundary conditions

2.Direct access to CAD data

  • ANSYS Workbench can support for all the major CAD systems like PTC, SOLID EDGE, CATIA, Solidworks, etc.
  • Bidirectional Associativity

3.Superb and powerful Meshing

  • ANSYS Workbench depends upon the physics-based information present in its back end with which it can analyze the problem.
  • It is intelligent and robust.
  • It is automatic.

4.Efficiency

  • Automation
  • Customization 
  • Flexibility of solving
  • Solver performance
  • Management of data

5.Multi-Physics platform.

  • Structural Mechanics
  • Heat transfer
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Electromagnetics
  • Simulation

Within ANSYS Workbench, different physical domains can be driven and are coupled to system simulation.

ANSYS Workbench Tutorials-Basics
ANSYS Workbench Tutorials-Basics
Domains of ANSYS Workbench:

1.Structural Mechanics

  • Larger Displacements
  • Implicit and Explicit mechanics
  • Contact
  • Multibody dynamics
  • Acoustics

2.Heat Transfer

  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation
  • Mass Transportation
  • Phase change etc.

3.Fluid Dynamics

  • Compressible flow
  • Incompressible flow
  • Laminar flow
  • Transient flow
  • Turbulent flow
  • Newtonian fluid
  • Non-Newtonian fluid etc.

4.Electromagnetics

  • Eddy currents
  • Quasi-static
  • Full Wave
  • Current flow etc.

5.Simulation

  • Mechanical simulation
  • Thermal simulation
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Magnetic Simulation etc.

This is the explanation about the interview or structure of ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner.


2. ANSYS Workbench Tutorials: How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench?

Firstly a model is to be prepared in any modeling package and it has to be imported into ANSYS Workbench so as to Analyze it to get desired results. In this article, I am going to explain How to analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench so as to calculate force, shear, deformation, etc. in a detailed manner.
 
How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-ANSYS Workbench Tutorials
How to Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench

 The step by step procedure is to be needed to know about how to analyze a model in order to calculate force, shear, deformation, etc. in ANSYS Workbench and is as follows.

Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-Procedure:

For that,

  • Go to ANSYS Workbench and click on Static Structural.
  • Then a dialogue box opens by the name of Unsaved project-workbench.
  • Static Structural was present in the analysis systems dialogue box.
  • Drag and Drop static structural bar to the Project Schematic.
  • The dialogue box contains
    • Engineering data
    • Geometry 
    • Model
    • Setup
    • Solutions
    • Results
  • You should have to go through each and every concept which is shown above so as to analyze a part.
  • For instance,I will take an example and pass with all the above concepts so as to analyze it and is as follows.

Analyze a model in ANSYS Workbench-Engineering data: 

  • All the materials required for analysis are presented in the Engineering data by the ANSYS Team. If you want to choose the material then you should have to go to Engineering data and fetch for the material.
  • The default material used to analyze the problem in ANSYS Workbench is structural steel.

 Geometry :

  • Click on geometry, if you had chosen the material.
  • It will open static structural-Design Modeler.
  • Now import the model from File-import external geometry-Browse-ok.
  • Right Click on import bar and say Generate.
  • That’s the geometry is imported.
Model:
  • Click on the model and it will open to Workbench Mechanical.
  • The tabs present in the Model are:
    • Model
      • Geometry(A4)
      • Co-ordinate systems
    • Mesh
    • Static Structural
    • Solutions
      • Here you can analyze your model with different mechanical properties
The detailed analysis of Analyzing a Part in ANSYS Workbench 15.0 is shown below in the form of video with Audio facility.
 

This is the complete explanation of analyzing a model in ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.


3. How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench?-ANSYS Workbench Tutorials

Extrude feature is used to convert a sketch into a model and this process takes place in ANSYS Workbench which is one of the easiest software when compared to Ansys APDL. Here in this tutorial, I wanna write about how to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench. The detailed explanation with the procedure was explained below.
 
How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench
Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench

Procedure for Extrude feature:

The step by step procedure is as follows:

  • A drawing of rectangular component is to be sketched in the design software called CATIA Workbench.
  • Choose any plane {say XY-plane} for sketching.
  • Provide the dimensions and hit generate.
  • Click on Extrude feature in the toolbox and provide necessary geometry details.
  • The preview of a solid rectangular model is obtained after extrusion.
  • click on the “Generate” button to get the desired view of the component.
The complete explanation of “Extrude in ANSYS Workbench is shown below in the form of video.
This is the complete explanation of How to use Extrude feature in ANSYS Workbench in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.
 
Read: All concepts of ANSYS APDL in the below link.
 
 
 
 

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.