**ANSYS Tutorial-Structural Analysis, Thermal, Truss, Beam, Stepped Bar, etc.: **Each and Every article furnished below has explained in a detailed manner w.r.t the ANSYS Software. The articles are placed in a Tabular column and by clicking them, they navigate throughout the article.

**ANSYS Tutorial- Tabular Column:**

**1.Steady State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab in ANSYS APDL Software:-ANSYS Tutorial**

Steady-State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab is to determine the amount of heat flow through the nodes and the interface temperatures or Nodal Temperatures under the application of Temperature.

Here, in this experiment, the composite slab consists of 3 materials having their thermal conductivities K1, K2 & K3. One end of the composite slab is exposed to External temperature and the other end is exposed to ambient air. The complete Numerical is placed below. In order to analyze the Steady State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

__State Heat Transfer through a Composite Slab-ANSYS Tutorial__**Question:**A Composite slab consists of one layer of brick 500mm thick ad two layers of insulation. The inner layer of insulation is 100mm thick and the outer layer is 60mm thick. The thermal conductivities of the brick, inner and outer layers are 15W/mK,0.12W/mK and 0.082W/mK resp.The brick side is exposed to gases at 800°C and the outer insulation is exposed to ambient air at 30°C. The brick side and the air side heat transfer coefficient are 300W/m

^{2}k and 150W/m

^{2}k resp. Find the heat transfer through this composite slab and the interface temperature?

**Procedure:**

**I.PREFERENCES:**Thermal—> h-method—> OK.

__II.PREPROCESSOR__**1.Element Type:**

- Add—> link—> convection34—> apply—> ok
- Add—> link—> 3d conduction—> apply—> ok

**2.Real Constants:**Add/edit—>ok—>area=1m

^{2}

**3.Material Properties:**

**Material 1:**Material Models—>Thermal—>convection(or film coefficient)—>HF=300W/m

^{2}k

**Material 2:**Material—>no.2—> Conductivity—>Isotropic—>Kxx=15w/mk-OK.

**Material 3:**Material—>no.3—> Conductivity—>Isotropic—>Kxx=0.12W/mk-OK.

**Material 4:**Material—>no.4—> Conductivity—>Isotropic—>Kxx=0.082W/mk-OK.

**Material 5:**Material no.5—>Convection or film coeff. =150w/m

^{2}k-OK.

**4.MODELING:**Create –nodes-in active CS—>Now, create the length of the slab by providing length in the form of nodes…

**Vertices:**

- 1(0,0,0,),
- 2(0.01,0,0) ; here a small thickness of 0.01 m has taken for the convection element.
- 3(0.01+0.5,0,0)=3(0.51,0,0)
- 4(0.51+0.1,0,0)=4(0.61,0,0)
- 5(0.61+0.06,0,0)=5(0.67,0,0)
- 6(0.67+0.01,0,0)=6(0.68,0,0)

**5.Elements:**Here we need to concentrate on two features.1.Element attributes and 2.auto numbered

**Element 1:**

- Element attributes—>link 34(for convection)—>( Material no.1)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
- Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 1&2 –OK.

**Element 2:**

- Element attributes—>link 33(for conduction)—>( Material no.2)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
- Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 2&3 –OK.

**Element 3:**

- Element attributes—>link 33(for conduction)—>( Material no.3)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
- Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 3&4 –OK.

**Element 4:**

- Element attributes—>link 33(for conduction)—>( Material no.4)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
- Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 4&5 –OK.

**Element 5:**

- Element attributes—>link 34(for convection)—>( Material no.5)—> Real const.no.1-OK.
- Auto-numbered—>Through Nodes—>pick the nodes 5&6 –OK.

**6.Define loads:**

- Apply—>Thermal—>Temperature—>on nodes—>temp=800°C—>OK.
- Now pick the last node-6
^{th}node—>30°C—>OK.

**III.SOLUTION:**

- Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Steady-State—> OK.
- Solve—> Current LS—> OK.

**IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR**

- Element table—>Define Table—>DOF solution—>Temp—>OK.
- Element table—>Define Table—>By sequence no.-SMISC,1.—>OK.

__List results:__- Element Table Data—>(Temp&SMISC)—>ok (we will get a box)—>Pick the Values from that box.

__Reaction solutions:__- Heat flow—>heat—>OK.

**Figure:**

- Plot controls—>style—>size and shape—>display of element(ON)-OK.
- Plot results-Contour plot-Nodal solution-DOF solution-Nodal temp-ok.

__Nodal solutions:____To get Interface Temperatures from T1 to T6, go to__

__-DOF solution-nodal temp-ok.__

Nodes | Temperature |

1 | T1 |

2 | T2 |

3 | T3 |

4 | T4 |

5 | T5 |

6 | T6 |

**2.Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam under Point Load- Vonmises Stress, DOF, Reaction forces, Nodal Solutions, etc.-ANSYS Tutorial**

The main aim of Static Analysis of a cantilever beam is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Beam, etc.under the application of point load. Here, I am using Keypoints and Lines to construct a rectangular cantilever beam of the given dimensions in the problem. In order to analyze the cantilever beam under the Application of point load in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

**Problem:** Determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces and stresses of a Cantilever Beam whose B*H = 100*100, Length of the beam(L) is 200mm, Youngs Modulus(E)=2X10^{5 }and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.

**Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam:**

The step by step procedure to perform Static Analysis of Structural Cantilever Beam in APDL is as follows.

- Element Type
- Real Constants
- Material Properties
- Modeling
- Sections
- Meshing
- Loads

- Analysis Type
- Solve

- Plot Results
- List Results
- Element Table

The detailed explanation of the Static Analysis of Cantilever Beam under these four stages are as follows:

**I.PREFERENCES**–Structural-ok.

### II.PREPROCESSOR:

** Element Type:** Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Beam–>2 node 188 –>OK.

** Real Constants:** There is no need to add the Real Constants for the beam element.

** Material Properties:** Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.

** Sections:** Beam–>Common sections–>Take Sub Type – rectangular Offset to – Centroid Bredth(B)=100mm and Height(H)=100mm

**Modelling:**

- Create–>
In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1&2 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.**Keypoints–>**

^{Keypoints} | ^{X} | ^{Y} | ^{Z} |

^{1} | ^{0} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{2} | ^{200} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

- Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2. such that the construction of beam must be completed with Lines.

Now, you need to mesh the cantilever beam so that the load applied on the beam can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software.

**Meshing:**** Size Cntrls–>**Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>Element edge length =10 mm–>OK. As you had given the “Element edge length =10 mm” which means that the total Truss system will divide into 1mm equally so that the load can be distributed uniformly on the whole structure.

** Mesh–>**Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.

**Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:**

- Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static –>Analysis–>Ok.

Define Loadsà–>apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1^{st }KeypointàApplyàClick on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)àOK.

** Forces:** Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Keypoints–>Select the end Keypoint(i.e.2nd) and apply the force in Vertical(Downward) direction as shown below. Fy = -10000N

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static–>OK.
- Solve–>Current LS–>OK.

**IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR**

- Plot Results–>
**Deformed Shape**–>Deformed Shape with Un deformed Model–>OK. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**DOF Solution**–>Now take all the displacement in X, Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.

**Stresses:**

Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress–> Now take all the stresses induced in X, Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress. If the results are not available by the above procedure, then you need to click on Plotctrls–>Style–>Size&Shape–>Display of Element(ON)–>OK. Next,Go to Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>Stress–>**Vonmises stress**–>Def.shape with Un def.model–>OK.

The Vonmises stress induced in the cantilever beam is 11.7 N/mm2.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:** General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports.

This is the complete explanation about Static Analysis of a Cantilever Beam under Point Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

3.**3 steps for converting Areas into Nodes in ANSYS software: ANSYS Tutorial**

The need for converting areas into nodes in ANSYS software is to apply the loads on the nodes rather than on the areas in the structure so that the load is to be distributed uniformly throughout. To know, how to perform this on the structure, I will be explaining to you about how to convert the areas into nodes in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

**Procedure for converting areas into nodes in ANSYS:**

**1. **You should have to import a structure into ANSYS software and convert it from wireframe to solid model.

**2. **In this, the imported model is a Tillage structure which has holes at the independent topmast. The holes are to be picked first as the “areas” and we should have to convert it from “areas to nodes” in ANSYS Software.

**3. **The holes are picked as follows in ANSYS Software:

- Plot-Areas-ok
- Select-Entities-Areas-By Num/Pick-From full-ok-A dialogue box opens-select the holes by means of the mouse and if you had selected the unwanted,de-select it again by right-clicking the mouse.
- After selecting the holes, click on Ok.
- Two holes will be visible to you and you should have to convert that area into nodes. But, before that, you should have to go through this. (Select everything below and select everything)otherwise, the entire structure will be converted to nodes.
- Now, convert areas into nodes by clicking on

*Plot-Entities-Nodes-Attached to-Areas,all-from full-OK.*

- By this step also, they are not converted into nodes.So, for that go to

*Plot-Nodes-ok.*

How to apply the loads on nodes was explained briefly in the video shown below.

By this, the areas are converted into nodes in ANSYS software where you can apply the loads on them so that the load can be distributed uniformly.

Therefore, this is the complete explanation of converting areas into nodes in ANSYS software.

**The detailed explanation of the above 4 steps are as follows:**

**1.Preferences**–Structural-ok.

#### 2.Preprocessor:

- Element Type-Add-Beam-3D finite strain -ok.
- Material Properties-Material models-structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
- Sections-
- Modelling-provide the key points.
- Loads-apply-
- Force-on nodes –

**3.Solution:**

solve-current Ls-ok.

**4.General post processor: **It can be used to construct the graphs w.r.t the application of loads.

The detailed explanation of the Cantilever beam is shown below in the form of video.

**The complete explanation of “Cantilever Beam using Nodes “is discussed in the video shown below.**

This is the complete explanation of How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**8.Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System-ANSYS Tutorial**

**Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL:**The main aim of Static Analysis of Structural Truss System is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Truss system, etc.under the application of external forces. In order to do Truss Analysis under the Application of External forces in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

**Watch Video – YouTube:**

**Numerical for Truss Analysis:**

^{2},Youngs Modulus(E)=2X10

^{5 }and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.

**Truss Analysis-Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Truss System:**

- Element Type
- Real Constants
- Material Properties
- Modeling
- Sections
- Meshing
- Loads

- Analysis Type
- Solve

- Plot Results
- List Results
- Element Table

**I.Preferences**–Structural-ok.

### II.Preprocessor:

The Element Type, Real constants, Properties of materials, Creating a model, meshing, application of loads etc.was given to the material in Pre-Processor.**ELEMENT TYPE:**Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link–>3D Finite stn 180—>OK.

**REAL CONSTANTS:**Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link180–>Cross sectional Area =3250 mm

^{2 }OK.

**MATERIAL PROPERTIES:**Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.

**MODELLING:**Create–>

**Keypoints**–> In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1,2,3,4,5,6 & 7 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.

^{Keypoints} | ^{X} | ^{Y} | ^{Z} |

^{1} | ^{0} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{2} | ^{1800} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{3} | ^{3600} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{4} | ^{5400} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{5} | ^{7200} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{6} | ^{9000} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{7} | ^{10800} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

**Lines:**Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2,2&3, etc. such that the construction of Truss must be completed with Lines.

**MESHING:**Now, you need to mesh the whole Truss system so that the load applied on the Truss can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” or “No.of Element divisions” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software. Under Meshing Option, You need to use both

**Size Ctrls**and

**Mesh**option for meshing.

**Size Cntrls–>**Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>No.of Element divisons=1(Only for Truss)–>OK.

**Mesh–>**Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.

**Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:**

- Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>Ok.
- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1
^{st }Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)–>OK.

- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 7
^{th }Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on U_{Y }& U_{Z}and Don’t constrain in U_{x }direction(slider support).

**Forces:**Now Apply the forces on the Truss so as to see how much amount of stress is induced in the truss system and was as follows.

- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–> On Keypoints–>Now select the Preferred Keypoint for the Application of Force.

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>OK.
- Solve–>Current LS File–>OK–>Solution is done.

**GENERAL POST PROCESSOR:**

- Plot Results–>
**Deformed Shape-**->Def+Undeformed Model–>Ok. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**DOF Solution**–>Check the Displacement of the structure in X, Y, Z Components and Displacement Vector Sum to get the overall Displacement in all the directions. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**Stress-**->Check the stress induced in the structure at X, Y, Z Components along with Von Mises stress. As you had observed, that the truss is not at all showing the values of Stresses. Therefore we need to create the Element Table.

**ELEMENT TABLE:**

**Finding Stress:**In this Table, we need to add the Keyword and Value for the Structural Analysis of Truss to check the stress-induced and was shown below. General Post Processor–>Element Table–>Define Table–>Add–>Now,provide these Details..

- User Label for Item – Stress
- Results Data Item – By Sequence No.
- Keyword -LS & Value – 1

- Element Table Item at Node i – Select
*Stress* - Element Table Item at Node j – Select
*Stress* - Items to be plotted on – Deformed Shape –>OK.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:**General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at Keypoint 1 and 7.

**9. 4 Steps to Analyze the plate with a central hole -ANSYS Tutorial**

**Procedure to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL:**

**Analyze the plate with central hole-Detailed Explanation:**

**1.Preferences**–Structural-ok

**2.Preprocessor**:

- Element Type-Add-Solid-8node183-Ok. and click on Options and enter the value of K3 as Plane stress v/s thk and say Ok.
- Real Constants-Add-Plane183-ok-Enter the thickness value as Thk=0.01-Ok.
- Material Properties-Material Models-Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide the values of Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s ratio-Ok.
- Modeling-Create-Areas-Rectangle-By two corners-Enter the values of WPx and WPy as Zero and Width and Height as shown in the video which is mentioned below.
- Click on Circle and enter the radius of it.
- Modeling-Operate-Booleans-Subtract-Click on the rectangular section and Circular section one after the other.
- Meshing-Mesh-Areas-Free-click on the region where you need to mesh-Ok.
- Apply the loads where ever required and solve the problem.

**3.Solution**: Solve-Current LS-Ok.The problem solves here.

**4.General Post Processor:**

- Plot results-Deformed shape-choose the options -Ok.
- Contour Plot-Element Solution-Stress-Vonmises stress-ok
- The stress developed due to the application of force is obtained from the contour plot.
- If the stress developed in the rectangular section is more than the yield point of the material, then the design of failure type. For that, you should have to optimize the rectangular section so that it can not be of failure type.

**You can also know about:**

This is the complete explanation of Analyzing the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**10.ANSYS Tutorial-Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses, Nodal Deflections, etc.**

**Numerical:**An axial load of P=40KN is applied at 30˚C to a stepped bar as shown in the figure. Determine the Nodal deflections and stresses induced in the stepped bar when the temperature is raised to 80˚C.Given, A

_{1}= 2000mm

^{2 },A

_{2}=1200 mm

^{2}; E

_{1}=2*10

^{5}; E

_{2}=1*10

^{5}; α

_{1}=12*10

^{-6}, α

_{2}=18*10

^{-6};

The Procedure of ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar are as follows.

**Procedure:**

**I.PREFERENCES:**Structural & Thermal—> h-method—> OK.

**II.PREPROCESSOR:**

**1.Element Type:**Add—> Add—> Link-3dfinite stn 180—> OK.

**2.Real Constants:**

**Add/Edit/Delete—> Add—> Link180**

__For ANSYS 14.5 Users:__- Real Const.Set No. 1 & Area A
_{1}=2000mm^{2}.*Apply* - Real Const.Set No. 2 & Area A
_{1}=1200mm^{2}

**Go to Sections—> Link—> Add—> Section ID =1 & Area A**

__For ANSYS 18.0 Users:___{1}=2000mm

^{2}Section ID =2 & Area A

_{2}=1200mm

^{2 }—> OK.

**3.Material Properties:**

**Material 1:**Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic—> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3—> OK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(

**α**),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α

_{1}_{1})=12e-6—> OK.

**Material 2:**Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic —> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 1X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3àOK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(

**α**),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α

_{2}_{2})=18e-6—> OK.

**4.Modelling:**Create—>

**Nodes—>**In Active CS—> Provide the Nodes 1,2&3 with the lengths as shown above in the figure. and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.

NODES | X | Y | Z |

1 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

2 | 1400 | 0 | 0 |

3 | 3400 | 0 | 0 |

**Elements:**

**For 1**

^{st }stepped bar:- Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-1;Real Const.Set No.1]
- Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 1
^{st}& 2^{nd}Nodes.

**For 2**

^{nd}^{ }stepped bar:- Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-2;Real Const.Set No.2]
- Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 2
^{nd }&3^{rd}Nodes

- Plotctrls—> Style—> Size and Shape—> Display of Element—> ON—> OK.
- Plot—> Elements—> OK.

*Stepped Bar*

**5.Constrain the body:**

- Loads—> Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static —> Ok.
- Define Loads—> apply—> Structural—> Displacement—> On Nodes—> Pick the 1
^{st}& 3^{rd}Node—> Apply—> Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)

**6.Forces:**Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Nodes–>Select the 2

^{nd}Node and apply the force in horizontal(Negative X-Direction) direction as shown below. Fx = -40000N

**7.Temperature:**

- Define Loads–>Settings—> Reference Temperature = 30˚C (Initial Temp)
- Define Loads–>Settings—> Uniform Temperature = 80˚C (Raised Temp)

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static—> OK.
- Solve—> Current LS—> OK.

**IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR**

- Plot Results—> Deformed Shape—> Deformed Shape with Un-deformed Model—> OK.
- Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—>
**DOF**Solution—> Now take all the displacement in X,Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.

**Stresses:**Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> Stress—> Now take all the stresses induced in X,Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress.

**Von Mises**

**Stress:**Take the maximum stress induced in the body i.e. Vonmises stress which should be less than the Yield point of the material. Then only, the component is safe under the application of loads else the design is of a failure case.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:**General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK. Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports.

**This is the complete explanation about ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar under uniaxial Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.**

**5. How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS?-ANSYS Tutorial**

** **If you want to analyze apart under the application of loads, then you should have to import that model into ANSYS software in the form of Parasolid format or any other format. In this article, I will be explaining to you about How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

**Explanation of Wireframe model into a solid model:**

A step by step procedure is to be adopted to understand how a model is analyzed by importing and how can we convert that wireframe model into a solid model and is as follows.

**Steps for converting a wireframe model into a solid model:**

**1. **Firstly, we should have to create a model with suitable dimensions with the help of the design provided.

**2. **Save that model in any format.

**3. **Most of the designers save their model in the form of Parasolid format which is easy to import in ANSYS.

**4. **Now, it’s the turn to import that model you had designed in the CAD software into ANSYS software. **5**. Click on ANSYS Icon and it opens a new dialogue box named ANSYS Multiphysics Utility Menu.

**6. **Click on File-Import-Parasolid-Ok.

**7. **Then another dialogue box opens where you need to browse for that file which you are going to import into ANSYS.

**8. **In the same dialogue box, you will see two side boxes side by side showing the **File** and **Directories**. Choose the proper directory and proper file and click on **List Files Type** button in which you should has to mention the file type i.e.it may be of Parasolid etc. depending upon the file type chosen at the time of importing.

**9. **Two Checkboxes are provided. Among them, one is **Allow Defeaturing** and the other is **Allow Scaling. **The two boxes are to be Unticked.

**10**. Select the** Geometry Type **of your file i.e. it might be a solid only, surfaces only, wireframes only and All entities. Click on Solids only button if your model is of solid type.

**11. **Click on OK. By this, the model is imported into the ANSYS software in the form of a wireframe model.

**12**. To analyze, the wireframe model is to be converted into a solid model which is shown below.

**13. **Click on Plot controls-Style-Solid Model Facets-Normal Faceting-OK.

**14**. By this, your model is converted from wireframe to solid model. But, in some cases, it is not so. For that, you should have to right click on the black screen and say **Replot.**

**15**. That’s it… This is the complete explanation reg.the conversion of a file from the Wireframe model into a solid model. Hope this post is useful to you.

**6. How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps?-ANSYS Tutorial**

**ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps:**ANSYS plays a vital role in the field of mechanical engineering.ANSYS is an extraordinary software for doing an analysis of a component. To do the analysis, the part is to be modeled in any of the design software and is to to be imported into ANSYS to do further analysis. A detailed explanation of How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps was discussed in this article. A suitable procedure is to be adopted for the installation of Ansys and is as follows.

The installation takes place under 4 steps and is as follows…

- Step 1: A license has to be created.
- Step 2: Ansys Licence Manager Setup &
- Step 3: Installation of ANSYS Products.
- The ANSYS 15.0 Package is used to analyze an object under the application of forces.

**A detailed explanation of the 4 steps are as follows:**

- MAGNITUDE-Open-(If there is a license in it then delete it).Then click on a1507_calc –open-y-enter-press any key.
- Then open license-and look whether it is hp server based-ok. (copy license in c:\)
- Go to setup-open-yes-install Ansys license manager-ok-I agree-next(2/3 times)-wait when Exit appears-CONTINUE(2 times)-ask for licence-continue-continue-wait-exit-exit-EXIT.
- Install ANSYS Products-I agree-next(use reader an option)——-in the middle it asks to BROWSE-(say DISK 2)-OK.

**7. How to do the Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS Software?-ANSYS Tutorial**

**Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL: **A”Cantilever beam using Nodes” is constructed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 to determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces,Stresses developed(X-Component of stress,Y- Component of stress & Z- Component of stress under{ Deformed shape with undeformed model,Deformed shape,Deformed+undeformed edge} etc. and this can be possible by the application of forces on the system. In this article, I am going to explain to you about How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL.

**Procedure for cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL:**

To perform any operation,a suitable procedure is required. Therefore the step by step procedure of cantilever beam is shown below.

This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are as follows.

Step1:Preferences

Step2: Preprocessor

Step3:Solution

Step 4:General Post Processor.

**The detailed explanation of the above 4 steps are as follows:**

**1.Preferences**–Structural-ok.

#### 2.Preprocessor:

- Element Type-Add-Beam-3D finite strain -ok.
- Material Properties-Material models-structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
- Sections-
- Modelling-provide the key points.
- Loads-apply-
- Force-on nodes –

**3.Solution:**

solve-current Ls-ok.

**4.General post processor: **It can be used to construct the graphs w.r.t the application of loads.

The detailed explanation of the Cantilever beam is shown below in the form of video.

**The complete explanation of “Cantilever Beam using Nodes “is discussed in the video shown below.**

This is the complete explanation of How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**8.Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System-ANSYS Tutorial**

**Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL:**The main aim of Static Analysis of Structural Truss System is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Truss system, etc.under the application of external forces. In order to do Truss Analysis under the Application of External forces in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

**Watch Video – YouTube:**

**Numerical for Truss Analysis:**

^{2},Youngs Modulus(E)=2X10

^{5 }and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.

**Truss Analysis-Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Truss System:**

- Element Type
- Real Constants
- Material Properties
- Modeling
- Sections
- Meshing
- Loads

- Analysis Type
- Solve

- Plot Results
- List Results
- Element Table

**I.Preferences**–Structural-ok.

### II.Preprocessor:

The Element Type, Real constants, Properties of materials, Creating a model, meshing, application of loads etc.was given to the material in Pre-Processor.**ELEMENT TYPE:**Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link–>3D Finite stn 180—>OK.

**REAL CONSTANTS:**Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link180–>Cross sectional Area =3250 mm

^{2 }OK.

**MATERIAL PROPERTIES:**Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.

**MODELLING:**Create–>

**Keypoints**–> In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1,2,3,4,5,6 & 7 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.

^{Keypoints} | ^{X} | ^{Y} | ^{Z} |

^{1} | ^{0} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{2} | ^{1800} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{3} | ^{3600} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{4} | ^{5400} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{5} | ^{7200} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{6} | ^{9000} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{7} | ^{10800} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

**Lines:**Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2,2&3, etc. such that the construction of Truss must be completed with Lines.

**MESHING:**Now, you need to mesh the whole Truss system so that the load applied on the Truss can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” or “No.of Element divisions” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software. Under Meshing Option, You need to use both

**Size Ctrls**and

**Mesh**option for meshing.

**Size Cntrls–>**Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>No.of Element divisons=1(Only for Truss)–>OK.

**Mesh–>**Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.

**Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:**

- Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>Ok.
- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1
^{st }Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)–>OK.

- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 7
^{th }Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on U_{Y }& U_{Z}and Don’t constrain in U_{x }direction(slider support).

**Forces:**Now Apply the forces on the Truss so as to see how much amount of stress is induced in the truss system and was as follows.

- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–> On Keypoints–>Now select the Preferred Keypoint for the Application of Force.

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>OK.
- Solve–>Current LS File–>OK–>Solution is done.

**GENERAL POST PROCESSOR:**

- Plot Results–>
**Deformed Shape-**->Def+Undeformed Model–>Ok. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**DOF Solution**–>Check the Displacement of the structure in X, Y, Z Components and Displacement Vector Sum to get the overall Displacement in all the directions. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**Stress-**->Check the stress induced in the structure at X, Y, Z Components along with Von Mises stress. As you had observed, that the truss is not at all showing the values of Stresses. Therefore we need to create the Element Table.

**ELEMENT TABLE:**

**Finding Stress:**In this Table, we need to add the Keyword and Value for the Structural Analysis of Truss to check the stress-induced and was shown below. General Post Processor–>Element Table–>Define Table–>Add–>Now,provide these Details..

- User Label for Item – Stress
- Results Data Item – By Sequence No.
- Keyword -LS & Value – 1

- Element Table Item at Node i – Select
*Stress* - Element Table Item at Node j – Select
*Stress* - Items to be plotted on – Deformed Shape –>OK.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:**General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at Keypoint 1 and 7.

**9. 4 Steps to Analyze the plate with a central hole -ANSYS Tutorial**

**Procedure to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL:**

**Analyze the plate with central hole-Detailed Explanation:**

**1.Preferences**–Structural-ok

**2.Preprocessor**:

- Element Type-Add-Solid-8node183-Ok. and click on Options and enter the value of K3 as Plane stress v/s thk and say Ok.
- Real Constants-Add-Plane183-ok-Enter the thickness value as Thk=0.01-Ok.
- Material Properties-Material Models-Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide the values of Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s ratio-Ok.
- Modeling-Create-Areas-Rectangle-By two corners-Enter the values of WPx and WPy as Zero and Width and Height as shown in the video which is mentioned below.
- Click on Circle and enter the radius of it.
- Modeling-Operate-Booleans-Subtract-Click on the rectangular section and Circular section one after the other.
- Meshing-Mesh-Areas-Free-click on the region where you need to mesh-Ok.
- Apply the loads where ever required and solve the problem.

**3.Solution**: Solve-Current LS-Ok.The problem solves here.

**4.General Post Processor:**

- Plot results-Deformed shape-choose the options -Ok.
- Contour Plot-Element Solution-Stress-Vonmises stress-ok
- The stress developed due to the application of force is obtained from the contour plot.
- If the stress developed in the rectangular section is more than the yield point of the material, then the design of failure type. For that, you should have to optimize the rectangular section so that it can not be of failure type.

**You can also know about:**

This is the complete explanation of Analyzing the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**10.ANSYS Tutorial-Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses, Nodal Deflections, etc.**

**Numerical:**An axial load of P=40KN is applied at 30˚C to a stepped bar as shown in the figure. Determine the Nodal deflections and stresses induced in the stepped bar when the temperature is raised to 80˚C.Given, A

_{1}= 2000mm

^{2 },A

_{2}=1200 mm

^{2}; E

_{1}=2*10

^{5}; E

_{2}=1*10

^{5}; α

_{1}=12*10

^{-6}, α

_{2}=18*10

^{-6};

The Procedure of ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar are as follows.

**Procedure:**

**I.PREFERENCES:**Structural & Thermal—> h-method—> OK.

**II.PREPROCESSOR:**

**1.Element Type:**Add—> Add—> Link-3dfinite stn 180—> OK.

**2.Real Constants:**

**Add/Edit/Delete—> Add—> Link180**

__For ANSYS 14.5 Users:__- Real Const.Set No. 1 & Area A
_{1}=2000mm^{2}.*Apply* - Real Const.Set No. 2 & Area A
_{1}=1200mm^{2}

**Go to Sections—> Link—> Add—> Section ID =1 & Area A**

__For ANSYS 18.0 Users:___{1}=2000mm

^{2}Section ID =2 & Area A

_{2}=1200mm

^{2 }—> OK.

**3.Material Properties:**

**Material 1:**Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic—> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3—> OK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(

**α**),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α

_{1}_{1})=12e-6—> OK.

**Material 2:**Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic —> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 1X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3àOK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(

**α**),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α

_{2}_{2})=18e-6—> OK.

**4.Modelling:**Create—>

**Nodes—>**In Active CS—> Provide the Nodes 1,2&3 with the lengths as shown above in the figure. and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.

NODES | X | Y | Z |

1 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

2 | 1400 | 0 | 0 |

3 | 3400 | 0 | 0 |

**Elements:**

**For 1**

^{st }stepped bar:- Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-1;Real Const.Set No.1]
- Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 1
^{st}& 2^{nd}Nodes.

**For 2**

^{nd}^{ }stepped bar:- Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-2;Real Const.Set No.2]
- Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 2
^{nd }&3^{rd}Nodes

- Plotctrls—> Style—> Size and Shape—> Display of Element—> ON—> OK.
- Plot—> Elements—> OK.

*Stepped Bar*

**5.Constrain the body:**

- Loads—> Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static —> Ok.
- Define Loads—> apply—> Structural—> Displacement—> On Nodes—> Pick the 1
^{st}& 3^{rd}Node—> Apply—> Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)

**6.Forces:**Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Nodes–>Select the 2

^{nd}Node and apply the force in horizontal(Negative X-Direction) direction as shown below. Fx = -40000N

**7.Temperature:**

- Define Loads–>Settings—> Reference Temperature = 30˚C (Initial Temp)
- Define Loads–>Settings—> Uniform Temperature = 80˚C (Raised Temp)

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static—> OK.
- Solve—> Current LS—> OK.

**IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR**

- Plot Results—> Deformed Shape—> Deformed Shape with Un-deformed Model—> OK.
- Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—>
**DOF**Solution—> Now take all the displacement in X,Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.

**Stresses:**Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> Stress—> Now take all the stresses induced in X,Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress.

**Von Mises**

**Stress:**Take the maximum stress induced in the body i.e. Vonmises stress which should be less than the Yield point of the material. Then only, the component is safe under the application of loads else the design is of a failure case.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:**General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK. Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports.

**This is the complete explanation about ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar under uniaxial Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.**

If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**4.Convert Angular Velocity units from Degrees to Radians in ANSYS software-ANSYS Tutorial**

If you want to analyze a model under the mode of rotation and by the application of external forces then the first thing you need to focus on is the conversion of Angular velocity units. Therefore, in this article, I will be explaining about the conversion of Angular velocity units from degrees to radians in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

**Conversion of Angular Velocity Units:**

A step by step procedure is to be adopted to understand the conversion of Angular Velocity units from Radians to Degrees and is as follows.

**Steps for the conversion of Angular Velocity Units:**

**1. **The conversion for the units of angular velocity is done first before the analysis else we can get errors in the results of the analysis part.

**2**. For that, the model is to be imported into ANSYS software by the following sequence which is shown below.

**3. **Open the ANSYS Interface and click on File-Import-Parasolid-Select the required model-OK.

**4. **Then the wireframe of that particular model appears on the screen. Convert that wireframe model into a solid model with the following sequence.

* Plotctrls-Style-Solid model facets-Normal faceting-ok.

*Right click and say Replot.

**5**. By this, the wireframe model is converted into a solid model for further analysis.

**6. **The structure in the below video consists of a blade flange assembly which can rotate around its own axis with the rated power of the motor and for that assembly, we should have to provide the angular velocity.

**7. **The angular velocity is represented by the formula as

w=(2*3.14*N)/60

=rad/sec.

**8. **Here, in the above formula, we are getting the angular velocity units as “rad/sec” in a theoretical manner. But, as the software is concerned, we should have to provide the units manually.

**9. **The sequence for providing the units in ANSYS software was as follows.

Parameters-Angular Velocity-Pick the desired Unit for angular velocity-OK.

**10. **Select the “Radians” from the drop-down for further analysis because of the theoretical representation. This is the step by step procedure for converting of Angular velocity units in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

**5. How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS?-ANSYS Tutorial**

** **If you want to analyze apart under the application of loads, then you should have to import that model into ANSYS software in the form of Parasolid format or any other format. In this article, I will be explaining to you about How to convert a Wireframe model into Solid model in ANSYS software in a detailed manner.

**Explanation of Wireframe model into a solid model:**

A step by step procedure is to be adopted to understand how a model is analyzed by importing and how can we convert that wireframe model into a solid model and is as follows.

**Steps for converting a wireframe model into a solid model:**

**1. **Firstly, we should have to create a model with suitable dimensions with the help of the design provided.

**2. **Save that model in any format.

**3. **Most of the designers save their model in the form of Parasolid format which is easy to import in ANSYS.

**4. **Now, it’s the turn to import that model you had designed in the CAD software into ANSYS software. **5**. Click on ANSYS Icon and it opens a new dialogue box named ANSYS Multiphysics Utility Menu.

**6. **Click on File-Import-Parasolid-Ok.

**7. **Then another dialogue box opens where you need to browse for that file which you are going to import into ANSYS.

**8. **In the same dialogue box, you will see two side boxes side by side showing the **File** and **Directories**. Choose the proper directory and proper file and click on **List Files Type** button in which you should has to mention the file type i.e.it may be of Parasolid etc. depending upon the file type chosen at the time of importing.

**9. **Two Checkboxes are provided. Among them, one is **Allow Defeaturing** and the other is **Allow Scaling. **The two boxes are to be Unticked.

**10**. Select the** Geometry Type **of your file i.e. it might be a solid only, surfaces only, wireframes only and All entities. Click on Solids only button if your model is of solid type.

**11. **Click on OK. By this, the model is imported into the ANSYS software in the form of a wireframe model.

**12**. To analyze, the wireframe model is to be converted into a solid model which is shown below.

**13. **Click on Plot controls-Style-Solid Model Facets-Normal Faceting-OK.

**14**. By this, your model is converted from wireframe to solid model. But, in some cases, it is not so. For that, you should have to right click on the black screen and say **Replot.**

**15**. That’s it… This is the complete explanation reg.the conversion of a file from the Wireframe model into a solid model. Hope this post is useful to you.

**6. How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps?-ANSYS Tutorial**

**ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps:**ANSYS plays a vital role in the field of mechanical engineering.ANSYS is an extraordinary software for doing an analysis of a component. To do the analysis, the part is to be modeled in any of the design software and is to to be imported into ANSYS to do further analysis. A detailed explanation of How to complete ANSYS Installation in Just 4 Steps was discussed in this article. A suitable procedure is to be adopted for the installation of Ansys and is as follows.

The installation takes place under 4 steps and is as follows…

- Step 1: A license has to be created.
- Step 2: Ansys Licence Manager Setup &
- Step 3: Installation of ANSYS Products.
- The ANSYS 15.0 Package is used to analyze an object under the application of forces.

**A detailed explanation of the 4 steps are as follows:**

- MAGNITUDE-Open-(If there is a license in it then delete it).Then click on a1507_calc –open-y-enter-press any key.
- Then open license-and look whether it is hp server based-ok. (copy license in c:\)
- Go to setup-open-yes-install Ansys license manager-ok-I agree-next(2/3 times)-wait when Exit appears-CONTINUE(2 times)-ask for licence-continue-continue-wait-exit-exit-EXIT.
- Install ANSYS Products-I agree-next(use reader an option)——-in the middle it asks to BROWSE-(say DISK 2)-OK.

**7. How to do the Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS Software?-ANSYS Tutorial**

**Cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL: **A”Cantilever beam using Nodes” is constructed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 to determine the Nodal Deflections,Reaction forces,Stresses developed(X-Component of stress,Y- Component of stress & Z- Component of stress under{ Deformed shape with undeformed model,Deformed shape,Deformed+undeformed edge} etc. and this can be possible by the application of forces on the system. In this article, I am going to explain to you about How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL.

**Procedure for cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL:**

To perform any operation,a suitable procedure is required. Therefore the step by step procedure of cantilever beam is shown below.

This can be analyzed in ANSYS Mechanical APDL 15.0 under four stages and are as follows.

Step1:Preferences

Step2: Preprocessor

Step3:Solution

Step 4:General Post Processor.

**The detailed explanation of the above 4 steps are as follows:**

**1.Preferences**–Structural-ok.

#### 2.Preprocessor:

- Element Type-Add-Beam-3D finite strain -ok.
- Material Properties-Material models-structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
- Sections-
- Modelling-provide the key points.
- Loads-apply-
- Force-on nodes –

**3.Solution:**

solve-current Ls-ok.

**4.General post processor: **It can be used to construct the graphs w.r.t the application of loads.

The detailed explanation of the Cantilever beam is shown below in the form of video.

**The complete explanation of “Cantilever Beam using Nodes “is discussed in the video shown below.**

This is the complete explanation of How to do the cantilever beam using nodes in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**8.Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System-ANSYS Tutorial**

**Truss Analysis-Static Analysis of Structural Truss System in ANSYS APDL:**The main aim of Static Analysis of Structural Truss System is to determine the Nodal Deflections, Reaction forces, Stresses induced in the Truss system, etc.under the application of external forces. In order to do Truss Analysis under the Application of External forces in ANSYS Software, we require 4 steps.

**Watch Video – YouTube:**

**Numerical for Truss Analysis:**

^{2},Youngs Modulus(E)=2X10

^{5 }and Poisson’s Ratio(µ)=0.3.

**Truss Analysis-Procedure to perform Static Analysis of Truss System:**

- Element Type
- Real Constants
- Material Properties
- Modeling
- Sections
- Meshing
- Loads

- Analysis Type
- Solve

- Plot Results
- List Results
- Element Table

**I.Preferences**–Structural-ok.

### II.Preprocessor:

The Element Type, Real constants, Properties of materials, Creating a model, meshing, application of loads etc.was given to the material in Pre-Processor.**ELEMENT TYPE:**Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link–>3D Finite stn 180—>OK.

**REAL CONSTANTS:**Add/Edit/Delete–>Add–>Link180–>Cross sectional Area =3250 mm

^{2 }OK.

**MATERIAL PROPERTIES:**Material Models–>Structural–>Linear–>Elastic–>Isotropic –>Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3–>OK.

**MODELLING:**Create–>

**Keypoints**–> In Active CS–>Provide the Keypoints 1,2,3,4,5,6 & 7 and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.

^{Keypoints} | ^{X} | ^{Y} | ^{Z} |

^{1} | ^{0} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{2} | ^{1800} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{3} | ^{3600} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{4} | ^{5400} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{5} | ^{7200} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

^{6} | ^{9000} | ^{3118} | ^{0} |

^{7} | ^{10800} | ^{0} | ^{0} |

**Lines:**Lines–>Lines–>Straight Lines–>Now Select the key points 1&2,2&3, etc. such that the construction of Truss must be completed with Lines.

**MESHING:**Now, you need to mesh the whole Truss system so that the load applied on the Truss can be distributed Uniformly on all elements and For Meshing any Component, you need to provide the “Element edge length” or “No.of Element divisions” depending upon the component imported or drawn into the ANSYS Software. Under Meshing Option, You need to use both

**Size Ctrls**and

**Mesh**option for meshing.

**Size Cntrls–>**Manual Size–>Lines–>All Lines–>No.of Element divisons=1(Only for Truss)–>OK.

**Mesh–>**Lines–>Click on ‘Pick All’ in the Dialogue box. By Clicking on Pick All button, the software can mesh the body completely.

**Constraining the Truss and Application of Loads:**

- Loads–>Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>Ok.
- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 1
^{st }Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)–>OK.

- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Displacement–>On Keypoints–>Pick the 7
^{th }Keypoint–>Apply–>Click on U_{Y }& U_{Z}and Don’t constrain in U_{x }direction(slider support).

**Forces:**Now Apply the forces on the Truss so as to see how much amount of stress is induced in the truss system and was as follows.

- Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–> On Keypoints–>Now select the Preferred Keypoint for the Application of Force.

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type–>New Analysis–>Static Analysis–>OK.
- Solve–>Current LS File–>OK–>Solution is done.

**GENERAL POST PROCESSOR:**

- Plot Results–>
**Deformed Shape-**->Def+Undeformed Model–>Ok. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**DOF Solution**–>Check the Displacement of the structure in X, Y, Z Components and Displacement Vector Sum to get the overall Displacement in all the directions. - Plot Results–>Contour Plot–>Nodal Solution–>
**Stress-**->Check the stress induced in the structure at X, Y, Z Components along with Von Mises stress. As you had observed, that the truss is not at all showing the values of Stresses. Therefore we need to create the Element Table.

**ELEMENT TABLE:**

**Finding Stress:**In this Table, we need to add the Keyword and Value for the Structural Analysis of Truss to check the stress-induced and was shown below. General Post Processor–>Element Table–>Define Table–>Add–>Now,provide these Details..

- User Label for Item – Stress
- Results Data Item – By Sequence No.
- Keyword -LS & Value – 1

- Element Table Item at Node i – Select
*Stress* - Element Table Item at Node j – Select
*Stress* - Items to be plotted on – Deformed Shape –>OK.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:**General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK.Now you can get the Reaction forces at Keypoint 1 and 7.

**9. 4 Steps to Analyze the plate with a central hole -ANSYS Tutorial**

**Procedure to Analyze the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL:**

**Analyze the plate with central hole-Detailed Explanation:**

**1.Preferences**–Structural-ok

**2.Preprocessor**:

- Element Type-Add-Solid-8node183-Ok. and click on Options and enter the value of K3 as Plane stress v/s thk and say Ok.
- Real Constants-Add-Plane183-ok-Enter the thickness value as Thk=0.01-Ok.
- Material Properties-Material Models-Structural-Linear-Elastic-Isotropic-provide the values of Young’s Modulus and Poisson’s ratio-Ok.
- Modeling-Create-Areas-Rectangle-By two corners-Enter the values of WPx and WPy as Zero and Width and Height as shown in the video which is mentioned below.
- Click on Circle and enter the radius of it.
- Modeling-Operate-Booleans-Subtract-Click on the rectangular section and Circular section one after the other.
- Meshing-Mesh-Areas-Free-click on the region where you need to mesh-Ok.
- Apply the loads where ever required and solve the problem.

**3.Solution**: Solve-Current LS-Ok.The problem solves here.

**4.General Post Processor:**

- Plot results-Deformed shape-choose the options -Ok.
- Contour Plot-Element Solution-Stress-Vonmises stress-ok
- The stress developed due to the application of force is obtained from the contour plot.
- If the stress developed in the rectangular section is more than the yield point of the material, then the design of failure type. For that, you should have to optimize the rectangular section so that it can not be of failure type.

**You can also know about:**

This is the complete explanation of Analyzing the plate with a central hole in ANSYS APDL in a detailed manner. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section.

**10.ANSYS Tutorial-Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar-Det.of stresses, Nodal Deflections, etc.**

**Numerical:**An axial load of P=40KN is applied at 30˚C to a stepped bar as shown in the figure. Determine the Nodal deflections and stresses induced in the stepped bar when the temperature is raised to 80˚C.Given, A

_{1}= 2000mm

^{2 },A

_{2}=1200 mm

^{2}; E

_{1}=2*10

^{5}; E

_{2}=1*10

^{5}; α

_{1}=12*10

^{-6}, α

_{2}=18*10

^{-6};

The Procedure of ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar are as follows.

**Procedure:**

**I.PREFERENCES:**Structural & Thermal—> h-method—> OK.

**II.PREPROCESSOR:**

**1.Element Type:**Add—> Add—> Link-3dfinite stn 180—> OK.

**2.Real Constants:**

**Add/Edit/Delete—> Add—> Link180**

__For ANSYS 14.5 Users:__- Real Const.Set No. 1 & Area A
_{1}=2000mm^{2}.*Apply* - Real Const.Set No. 2 & Area A
_{1}=1200mm^{2}

**Go to Sections—> Link—> Add—> Section ID =1 & Area A**

__For ANSYS 18.0 Users:___{1}=2000mm

^{2}Section ID =2 & Area A

_{2}=1200mm

^{2 }—> OK.

**3.Material Properties:**

**Material 1:**Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic—> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 2X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3—> OK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(

**α**),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α

_{1}_{1})=12e-6—> OK.

**Material 2:**Material Models—> Structural—> Linear—> Elastic—> Isotropic —> Provide the Young’s Modulus (E= 1X10

^{5}) and Poisson’s Ratio (µ) =0.3àOK. For Coeff.of Linear Expansion(

**α**),Go to Thermal Expansion—> Secant Coefficient—> Isotropic—> ALPX(α

_{2}_{2})=18e-6—> OK.

**4.Modelling:**Create—>

**Nodes—>**In Active CS—> Provide the Nodes 1,2&3 with the lengths as shown above in the figure. and give their respective values in X,Y&Z Direction as shown below.

NODES | X | Y | Z |

1 | 0 | 0 | 0 |

2 | 1400 | 0 | 0 |

3 | 3400 | 0 | 0 |

**Elements:**

**For 1**

^{st }stepped bar:- Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-1;Real Const.Set No.1]
- Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 1
^{st}& 2^{nd}Nodes.

**For 2**

^{nd}^{ }stepped bar:- Element Attributes—> [Link-180;Material-2;Real Const.Set No.2]
- Auto numbered—> Through Nodes—> Now,pick the 2
^{nd }&3^{rd}Nodes

- Plotctrls—> Style—> Size and Shape—> Display of Element—> ON—> OK.
- Plot—> Elements—> OK.

*Stepped Bar*

**5.Constrain the body:**

- Loads—> Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static —> Ok.
- Define Loads—> apply—> Structural—> Displacement—> On Nodes—> Pick the 1
^{st}& 3^{rd}Node—> Apply—> Click on All DOF(Constrained in all Directions)

**6.Forces:**Define Loads–>Apply–>Structural–>Force/Moment–>On Nodes–>Select the 2

^{nd}Node and apply the force in horizontal(Negative X-Direction) direction as shown below. Fx = -40000N

**7.Temperature:**

- Define Loads–>Settings—> Reference Temperature = 30˚C (Initial Temp)
- Define Loads–>Settings—> Uniform Temperature = 80˚C (Raised Temp)

**III.SOLUTION**

- Analysis Type—> New Analysis—> Static—> OK.
- Solve—> Current LS—> OK.

**IV.GENERAL POST PROCESSOR**

- Plot Results—> Deformed Shape—> Deformed Shape with Un-deformed Model—> OK.
- Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—>
**DOF**Solution—> Now take all the displacement in X,Y&Z component of Displacement along with Displacement Vector sum.

**Stresses:**Plot Results—> Contour Plot—> Nodal Solution—> Stress—> Now take all the stresses induced in X,Y&Z component of stress along with Vonmises stress.

**Von Mises**

**Stress:**Take the maximum stress induced in the body i.e. Vonmises stress which should be less than the Yield point of the material. Then only, the component is safe under the application of loads else the design is of a failure case.

**List Results:**

**Reaction Forces:**General Post Processor–>List Results–>Reaction solutions–>All structural Forces–>OK. Now you can get the Reaction forces at the supports.

**This is the complete explanation about ANSYS Thermal Analysis in a Stepped Bar under uniaxial Load in a detailed way. If you have any doubts, feel free to ask from the comments section. Please Share and Like this blog with the whole world so that it can reach to many.**