[PDF]Fluid Mechanics textbook by RK Bansal free Download: It is one of the popular books for Mechanical Engineering and Civil Engineering students. We are providing Fluid Mechanics textbook by RK Bansal PDF for free download in pdf format. You can download this textbook from the links provided below. This book can be used as a Reference book only so that you can prepare for any competitive exam like GATE, EAMCET, Campus interviews, etc. A Table of contents from this book was presented below.
Other Details of Fluid Mechanics Textbook by RK Bansal:
Name of Book: A Textbook of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines
Name of Author: RK Bansal
Publisher: Laxmi
Print Length: 1102 pages
Chapter 1. Properties of Fluids
Chapter 2. Pressure and Its Measurement
Chapter 3. Hydrostatic Forces on Surfaces
Chapter 4. Buoyancy and Floatation
Chapter 5. Kinematics of Flow and Ideal Flow
Chapter 6. Dynamics of Fluid Flow
Chapter 7. Orifices and Mouthpieces
Chapter 8. Notches and Weirs
Chapter 9. Viscous Flow
Chapter 10. Turbulent Flow
Chapter 11. FlowThrough Pipes
Chapter 12. Dimensional and Model Analysis
Chapter 13. BoundaryLayer Flow
Chapter 14. Forces on Submerged Bodies
Chapter 15. Compressible Flow
Chapter 16. Flow in Open Channels
Chapter 17. Impact of Jets and Jet Propulsion
Chapter 18. Hydraulic Machines – Turbines
Chapter 19. Centrifugal Pumps
Chapter 20. Reciprocating Pumps
Chapter 21. Fluid System
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34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics:
34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulic Machinery FMHM Lab Viva: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics plays a vital role when you are going for an interview in a core company. They will ask you all the basic concepts of FMHM including the basic equations. If you are perfect in all these aspects, then they will ask from Material Science. So, when you are planning for an interview prepare well all the concepts of Material Science. Considering that, I had collected all the 34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulic Machinery which will be helpful to you in both aspects. One is for the case of Interview and the other is to pass the Viva of FMHM Lab.
34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulic Machinery:
The 34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics are presented below in the form of Table of contents and whichever definition you need, just click on it.
S.NO  Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics(Table of Contents) 
1Q
2Q 3Q 4Q 5Q 6Q 7Q 8Q 9Q 10Q 11Q 12Q 13Q 14Q 15Q 16Q 17Q 18Q 19Q 20Q 21Q 22Q 23Q 24Q 25Q 26Q 27Q 28Q 29Q 30Q 31Q 32Q 33Q 34Q

What is fluid?
What is a specific weight or weight density? What are the different types of nonnewtonian fluids? What is Rotational or Irrotational flow? What is the Potential Function? Instruments used to measure the discharge, velocity, specific gravity and humidity? What is Hydraulic Gradient Line? 
The Detailed explanation of 34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics is presented below in a detailed manner.
FLUID MECHANICS VIVA
Ans: It is a substance which deforms continuously for a small amount of shear force also whereas solids cannot deform with a small amount of shear force and thereby they can’t come under fluids.
Ans: It is defined as the ratio of the mass of the substance to the volume of the substance. It is denoted by ρ.
ρ =m/v
Units = Kg/m3
3Q.What is a specific weight or weight density?
Ans: It is defined as the ratio of the volume of the substance to the weight of the substance. It is also the reciprocal of density. It is denoted by ‘γ’
Ans. It is defined as the ratio of the density of any fluid to the density of the reference fluid. It is denoted by “S”.
Sliq = ρ(any fluid)/ρ(water)
Ans: It is defined as the ratio of direct stress acting on a body to the volumetric strain. It is denoted by K.
K = direct stress / volumetric strain
Ans: It is a fluid having all ideal properties like no viscosity, no surface tension, incompressible, irrotational, etc.if this condition is satisfied then it is called as an ideal fluid.
Note: Bulk modulus for ideal fluid is infinity.
Ans: It is the property of fluid by virtue of which it offers resistance for the movement of one layer over the other and it is because of Cohesion i.e.attraction between the two layers.
If the attraction between the two layers increases, resistance increases and thereby the viscosity also increases.
Ans: The fluid which follows Newtonian equation is called as the Newtonian fluid and which does not follow is called a nonNewtonian fluid.
Newtonian Equation(τ) = µ(du/dy) = µ(dv/dy)
Ans: It is the property of the liquid surface film to exert tension. It is the force required to maintain unit length in equilibrium and it is represented by σ.
Ans: it is defined as the ratio of force acting on a body to its unit mass. It is denoted by ‘P’
Note:
 The pressure acting on Water droplet = 4σ/d
 The pressure acting on Soap Bubble = 8σ/d
 The pressure acting on a liquid jet = 2σ/d
Ans: The rise or fall of fluid in a capillary tube is due to the molecular forces of attraction among the molecules and the glass wall is called capillarity action.
12Q.What are the different types of nonnewtonian fluids?
Ans. The different types of nonnewtonian fluids are
1.Pseudoplastic
Ex.Milk, blood, paper pulp solution, liquid cement, etc.
2.Bingham plastic
Ex.Drilling mud, sewage sludge, toothpaste, etc.
3.Thixotropic Fluids
For these fluids, viscosity increases with an increase in time hence they will be called shear thickening fluids.
4.Rheophatic fluids
For these Fluids, the viscosity decreases with the lapse of time.
Ans: If all the properties do not change with respect to time then the flow is said to be a steady flow.
I.e. ∂P/∂t = 0.
Ans: If even a single parameter changes with respect to time then the flow becomes an unsteady flow.
I.e. ∂P/∂t ≠0.
15Q.What is Rotational or Irrotational flow?
If the fluid particles rotate about their mass center while moving forward the flow is said to be a rotational flow otherwise it is irrotational flow.
Ans. It is a line traced by a single particle over its entire journey is called a path line.
Ex. Observing only one particle direction throughout the flow.
Ans. The instantaneous picture of the position of all the particles at any instant of time is called a streak line.
Ex.Rocket Propulsion,cigarette smoke etc.
18Q.What is the continuity equation?
Ans: It depends upon conservation of mass and it is defined as the mass flow rate at entering of the crosssection is equal to the mass flow rate at the exit.
Continuity equation: A1V1 = A2V2
Ans: It is defined as the ratio of Circulation to Area of Crosssection.
Vorticity = Circulation / Area
As,Circulation = 2*Wz*Area
Therefore,Vorticity =[ 2*Wz*Area]/Area
Vorticity = 2*Wz
20Q.What is the Potential Function?
Ans: It is a function of space and time defined such that negative derivative with respect to any direction will give the component of velocity in that direction. It is represented as Φ.
[ ∂Φ/∂x]=u ; [ ∂Φ/∂y]=v ; [ ∂Φ/∂z]=w
The negative sign indicates that the flow is always in the direction of decreasing potential.
21Q.What is the Stream Function?
Ans. It is a function of space and the time defined such that the derivative with respect to any direction will give the component of velocity at right angles in Counterclockwise direction. It is denoted by φ.
[ ∂φ/∂x]=v ; [ ∂φ/∂y]=u
22Q. What are the instruments used to measure the discharge, velocity, specific gravity and humidity?
Ans.
 Venturi meter, Rotometer, and Orifice meter were used to measure the Flow rate or discharge.
 Pitot tube and the Current meter is used to measure the velocity of the flowing liquid.
 Hotwire Anemometer is used to measure the turbulent velocity fluctuations in the fluid.
 The hydrometer is used to measure the specific gravity.
 A hygrometer is used to measure the humidity.
23Q.What is the hammering effect?
Ans. During valve closure, the momentum of flowing fluid will get disturbed and a pressure wave will generate and travels in an opposite direction with acoustic speed(C) with an audible sound(knocking)by hitting the walls called as Hammering effect.
24Q.What is the Archimedes principle?
Ans. Whenever an object was immersed either completely or partially, it will be lifted up by a buoyant force(FB)whose magnitude will be equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body called as Archimedes principle.
The FB acts vertically upward through the center of buoyancy. The center of buoyancy is a center of gravity for displaced volume.
T = FB W
25Q.What is the boundary layer zone?
Ans.Whenever a real fluid flow over a solid boundary and because of noslip condition, the fluid particle will get stick to the boundary. Hence the velocity of a particle will be equal to the velocity of a boundary.
If the object is at rest, the fluid particle velocity near the boundary will be zero and it is the Greater distance in a normal direction. The fluid particle velocity keeps on increasing and reaches a maximum value at a distance of ∂. This zone where velocity gradient exists is the boundary layer zone.
26Q.What is Bernoulli’s equation?
Ans. Bernoulli’s equation is based on the law of conservation of energy. It is defined as the sum of Potential energy head, Pressure energy head and Kinetic velocity energy head is constant when the liquid is flowing from one end to another end in a tube or pipe.
Z + (P/ρg ) + V2/2g = Constant
Here,
Z – Potential energy head
P/ρg – Pressure energy head
V2/2g – Kinetic velocity energy head
27Q.What is the Total Energy Line?
Ans. It is a line representing total available energy excluding losses is the total energy line.
Total Energy Line = (Z + (P/ρg ) + V2/2g)
The total energy line will be horizontal for ideal flow and for real fluid it always slopes downwards.
28Q.What is Hydraulic Gradient Line?
Ans. It is a line representing total available Piezometric energy. Hydraulic gradient line may rise or fall in the direction of flow.
Z + (P/ρg ) —> Piezometric line
Ans. It is the difference between Total energy line and Hydraulic gradient line.
Velocity head = Total energy line ~ Hydraulic gradient line
V2/2g = (Z + (P/ρg ) + V2/2g) ~ (Z + (P/ρg )
Ans. The pressure at the Summit will be minimum and that should not fall below vapor pressure to avoid Cavitation.
31Q.What is the displacement thickness?
Ans. It is the distance by which the boundary has to be shifted in order to compensate the loss in flow rate on account of boundary layer formation is called as displacement thickness and it is represented as ?*.
32Q.What is Momentum thickness?
Ans. Momentum thickness is lost in the momentum and it is represented by “ϴ”
Ans. energy is to compensate for the loss in energy And it is presented by ?E
34Q.What are the different types of flows in a circular pipe, parallel plate, open channel and Over a sphere(through soil/earth)?
Ans. The different types of flowthrough pipes are
 laminar flow
 Transitional flow and
 Turbulent flow.
Circular Pipe:
 If the Reynolds number is less than 2000 then it is called laminar flow. (Re <2000)
 If the Reynolds number is in between 2000 and 4000 then it is called a transitional flow. (2000<Re<4000)
 If the Reynolds number is greater than 4000 then it is Turbulent flow. (Re >4000)
Parallel Plate:
 If the Reynolds number is less than 1000 then it is called laminar flow. (Re <1000)
 If the Reynolds number is in between 1000 and 2000 then it is called a transitional flow. (1000<Re<2000)
 If the Reynolds number is greater than 2000 then it is Turbulent flow. (Re >2000)
Open Channel:
 If the Reynolds number is less than 500 then it is called laminar flow. (Re <500)
 If the Reynolds number is in between 500 and 1000 then it is called as transitional flow. (500<Re<1000)
 If the Reynolds number is greater than 1000 then it is Turbulent flow. (Re >1000)
Over a Sphere through(Soil/Earth):
 If the Reynolds number is less than 1 then it is called laminar flow. (Re <1)
 If the Reynolds number is in between 1 and 2 then it is called a transitional flow. (1<Re<2)
 If the Reynolds number is greater than 2 then it is Turbulent flow. (Re >2)
This is the complete explanation of 34 Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics and hydraulic machinery. If the article is good so please comment us with a positive response.
Half of the book is missing. can u please add turbine part in it.