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Mechanical Basics MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS

What is the theory of vibration Isolation and transmissibility?

High vibration levels can cause machinery failure, as well as objectionable noise levels.A common source of objectionable noise in buildings is the vibration of machines that are mounted on floors or walls. Obviously, the best place to mount a vibrating machine is on the ground floor.In this article,I am going to explain about What is the theory of vibration Isolation and transmissibility in a detailed manner.

vibration isolation and Transbility
vibration isolation and Transbility

Vibration Isolation:

  • Unfortunately (but fortunately for noise control consultants), this is not always possible.
  • A typical problem is a rotating machine (such as a pump, AC compressor, blower, engine etc) mounted on a roof, or on a floor above the ground floor.
  • The problem is usually most apparent in the immediate vicinity of the vibration source.
  • However, mechanical vibrations can transmit for long distances, and by very circuitous routes through the structure of a building, sometimes resurfacing hundreds of feet from the source.
  • A related problem is the isolation of vibration-sensitive machines from the normally occurring disturbances in a building (car or bus traffic, slamming doors, foot traffic, elevators).
  • Examples of sensitive machines include surgical microscopes, electronic equipment, lasers, MRI units, scanning electron microscopes and computer disk drives. 
theory of vibration Isolation and transimissibility
theory of vibration Isolation and transimissibility

 Transmissibility:

           Transmissibility is the ratio of output to input.
           Transmissibility (T) = output/input
  • T>1 means amplification and maximum amplification occurs when forcing frequency (ff) and natural frequency (fn) of the system coincide.
  • There is no unit designation for transmissibility, although it may sometimes be referred to as the Q-factor.
The transmissibility is used in calculation of passive compensation efficiency.
 
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